Modern society has long become accustomed to such a medical phenomenon of abortion, although from time to time continue to hear the voices of some non-governmental organizations and individuals that abortion - is not nothing but a legalized murder.However, only the most short-sighted opponents of abortion may not agree with the fact that in some situations, termination of pregnancy may be a necessity.There are special medical indications for abortion, which is strictly regulated at the legislative level, and for some time now, thanks to the development of medicine, this list has been significantly reduced.In 2008 the Ministry of Health has withdrawn from the list of medical indications for abortion over a hundred diseases, including restrictions on the age criterion (previously women after 40 years is strongly recommended to give birth).
abortion is the termination of pregnancy, carried out for up to 28 weeks (counting begins from the date of the last menstrual period).Early abortion - up to 12 weeks l
Medical indications for the immediate termination of pregnancy by a special commission set stationary or outpatient clinics.The committee consists of obstetrician-gynecologist, physician specialty, the jurisdiction of which the disease is pregnant, and the Head of the Department of Health.These experts are studying the testimony pregnant, and then assure their signatures and seals of the institution to the conclusion of a clinical diagnosis.Documentation is transferred to the hands of a woman, or in the presence of venereal and mental diseases in pregnant women in the very obstetrics and gynecology facility.
Abortion may be imposed under certain physiological conditions corresponding to the pregnant woman, in particular, a minority (not reached physiological maturity of the body), age over 40 years (women's reproductive function is in a state of extinction).In addition, if the medical indications for urgent termination of pregnancy is not listed in the current list, but having the disease in women, together with the pregnancy may threaten the life and health of the woman or child, the issue can be resolved specially convened commission individually.
medical indications for abortion.
1. Parasitic and infectious diseases.These include:
A) All active TB (tuberculosis of the lungs and other respiratory organs, bones, joints, genito-urinary organs, etc.).
B) All forms of viral hepatitis (an interrupt is contraindicated in acute period).
in) syphilis (early with symptoms hidden, later, other forms).
D) Rubella.Besides the presence of the disease itself, an indication for termination can be taken place contact of pregnant women with the infection in the first trimester of pregnancy.
A) available, or were in the past, cancer, regardless of their location.
B) hematopoietic malignant tumor tissue or the lymph system.
3. endocrine nature.
A) severe and moderate form of diffuse toxic goiter.
B) Hypothyroidism (acquired or congenital)
in) Diabetes parents, insulin resistance, complicated microangiopathy, combined with tuberculosis, combined with Rh-negative blood.If diabetes children were born with malformations.
D) Hypoparathyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, diabetes insipidus, chronic adrenal insufficiency.
The list of medical indications for abortion also includes some disease-forming organs, blood, mental disorders (psychosis, mental retardation, all forms of chronic alcoholism, etc.), diseases of the sense organs and nervous system (inflammatory, hereditary diseasescentral nervous system, multiple sclerosis, vascular disease, spinal cord and brain tumors, spinal cord and brain, etc.).
In addition, diseases of the circulatory system, diseases of the respiratory, digestive, genitourinary system, skin diseases, musculoskeletal system, connective tissue, some hereditary diseases and congenital malformations.
Abortion exists in 4 ways: for up to 6 weeks, with the help of medications is a medical abortion.For up to 5 weeks it is possible to vacuum aspiration (mini-abortion).At a later date: surgical abortion (curettage) and artificial childbirth (in the 3rd trimester).Women need to know that if a medical institution to terminate her pregnancy offer, according to the law it is entitled to decide the issue.The conclusion about the need for termination of pregnancy shall be made exclusively in the hospital, after a full examination, and only specially convened panel of doctors, which necessarily includes the head of the medical institution.In turn, no matter how painful and sad, but in most cases you have to accept the verdict of doctors, in order to preserve life and health, as well as to be able to give birth to a healthy baby in the future.