list of diagnostic procedures to monitor the process of the appearance of a baby into the world is impressive, and most of them - planned.The need for additional analysis occurs only when the unexpected turns of events.If they are unable to predict the expectant mother is advised to use the services of the hospital, having the necessary equipment.In any case, choosing the medical center, it is useful to ask about the level of its technical equipment.
unpleasant surprises in preparation for childbirth can be avoided thanks to a closer acquaintance and early physicians hospital with the patient.To do this, we must try to get their hands on at least a couple of days before the expected date of birth.Let's talk on the theme of preparation for the birth of a pregnant woman.
analyzes and inspections at every stage of the emergence of the baby born to help to solve different problems.From the first, and most important of them - the choice of tactics of delivery, it is possible to understand in the emergenc
reddening of the face, neck and décolleté often a sign of high blood pressure, because of which increases the risk of premature detachment of the placenta.Speakers vein in preparation for childbirth show of varicose veins, and sometimes even of thrombophlebitis.Then, to avoid complications, doctors can drag a woman leg elastic bandages in the emergency department.Varices in the crotch point to the likelihood of a large blood loss during breaks at the time of the expulsion of the fetus and the rule episiotomy (cutting the perineum).Skin rash may be a sign of infection (chicken pox, measles, rubella) - means the patient is a danger to others, so it is placed in an observational unit.Objectivity visual observation is verified by clinical blood and urine tests, ultrasound of the uterus.If fears are confirmed, it could affect the course and outcome of labor.In this case, will be taken extra precautions.
next stage of the preliminary examination - measuring.With a tape, doctors know the distance from the pubis to the top of the stomach.It indicates whether the volume of the uterine pregnancy (this figure is called "the height of standing uterus").The results obtained during the preparation for childbirth also allow you to calculate the baby's weight up to 200 g Then a tool resembling a large compass, doctors measure the width of the hips, and determine whether the baby's head will be able to pass through the pelvis.If the answer is to replace natural childbirth by caesarean section.
in the emergency room and listening baby's heartbeat: having put a stethoscope to the anterior abdominal wall of the woman, the doctor considers the number of contractions of the heart muscle of the child in a minute, determines the volume and rhythm tones.If the indicators are normal, it is no reason to worry.Otherwise, the cause of the problem will be identified by analysis of amniotic fluid and ultrasound.Then, the shape of the abdomen, doctors determine where are the head and the back of the baby.The answer to this question is also significantly affect the progress of labor.
Ends preliminary survey of pregnant women examination of the vagina and uterus.First conducted a visual exception signs of inflammation (redness, itching, white coating), then gloved hands the doctor feels the fetal bladder.If it is intact, waiting for the next fight and check the degree of filling of the front part (the area in front of the head).When liquid enough bubble actively presses on the cervix and accelerates its disclosure.Otherwise, it slows down the process, and then spend amniotomy (opening membranes).
Suspicion of a pregnant woman at a slight leakage of water due to micro-cracks in the shell membranes to confirm or deny after smear analysis on amniotic fluid.If the shell is broken, the color of the amniotic fluid is possible to clarify the state of health of the baby.Several of colorless or pink spots on a white sheet will confirm that with him all right.Green, red, or yellow discharge point to the possibility of hypoxia, infection or placental abruption - and then recommended a cesarean section.At the end of the inspection estimate the degree of opening of the cervix.If the distance between its edges is 4 cm or more, you can determine which side of the entrance to the pelvis rotated the baby's head (ideal - neck).
When the battle is in full swing, diagnostic procedures are reduced to the control of their intensity and well-being of the child.On the belly of a pregnant woman fastened sensors cardiotocography (CTG), and 1.5-2 hours check their performance.If the rate of cervical dilatation slows down and can not be restored in 3-4 hours, rodostimuliruyuschih administered drugs.And if, on the contrary, accelerated, doctors are preparing to take "swift" delivery.Always check the baby's heartbeat to fight (the calm rhythm) and after (accelerated rhythm).And if the rate of contraction of the heart muscle for a long time (up to 10 minutes) does not come back to normal, the question arises of caesarean section.At the same time, doctors are monitoring the movements of the baby, palpating the anterior abdominal wall and the pubis.