problem of occurrence of chronic gastritis is very popular nowadays.Many factors trigger the disease, but unfortunately not all patients go to the doctor for a qualified treatment.And even if treated, it is not always carried out correctly.After all, much easier to buy the drug, which was treated to one, a friend or colleague, few understand what types of chronic gastritis and its causes are different, as well as resulting from this treatment.
What is gastritis?
Chronic gastritis - a chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa, which is accompanied by a violation of reparative processes of the stomach wall, functional impairment and dysfunction of the stomach.
reasons for the emergence of chronic gastritis are many, can be divided into two main groups:
- effect of Helicobacter pylori.This reason is one of the most common.
- autoimmune inflammation;
- additional factors: irregular meals, alcohol, smoking, rough food, the effect of drugs, chemical factors, the status of the masticatory apparatus;
Regardless of the type of gastritis has always had few obvious symptoms :
- pain after the adoption of food, which may be aggravated by walking;
- heaviness in the stomach, belching, nausea, burning sensation in the stomach;
- intestinal problems: diarrhea, flatulence, rumbling in the abdomen;
- general weakness, nervousness, somnolence, and paleness.
If you see at the set of some of the above symptoms, it is a reason to see a doctor.
What are the main types of gastritis?
Gastritis type A -This type of autoimmune gastritis.That is, the body begins to perceive gastric mucosa as a foreign body, and fights with him, in consequence of which produce antibodies to the membrane of the stomach.In this case, the defeat of the beginning portion of the stomach, to the Torah focuses the bulk of the cells that produce hydrochloric acid.In this type of gastritis observed lowered acidity.It is very important to remember, because there is a perception that all gastritis should be treated with drugs reduces the acidity.This is not true.Taking antacids gastritis type A, you aggravate it over.In addition, the background of reduced acidity decreases absorption of nutrients in the blood, so patients experiencing anemia.
Gastritis type B In this type of gastritis antibodies are not produced, but the inflammation is present.The main cause of the inflammation there is the effect of Helicobacter pylori.These bacteria are able to produce and release a large amount of enzymes and toxins, which promote mucosal cell damage that can lead to inflammatory and ulcerous diseases of the stomach and duodenum.Transfer the bacteria can occur oral-oral route through kissing or using the same dishes, as well as through hygiene items.The acidity in this type of gastritis can be both raised and lowered.
Gastritis type C. This type of chemical gastritis.That is the reason for its occurrence is the action of various chemical factors.This may be harmful manufacture, contaminated food poisoning, and other causes, which have already been listed above.
to determine the type and degree of gastritis disease spend a lot of tests.For a start it fibrogastroduodenoscopy (instrumental examination of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum with an endoscope - a special tube).
Treatment of all of these types of gastritis is to start to remove the cause of the disease, then failure to cure gastric functions.
to start conducting tests to determine the presence of Helicobacter pylori in the body.If the presence of the bacterium is confirmed, then spend H. pylori therapy.This treatment involves taking medication for such a scheme:
- proton pump inhibitors (omeprazole, lansoprazole, pantoprazole, rabeprazole) + clarithromycin + amoxicillin (or metronidazole).
If, after 4 weeks of the new tests do not show that got rid of Helicobacter pylori, the treatment is carried out under the scheme:
- Bismuth subcitrate + proton pump inhibitors plus metronidazole + tetracycline.
There are a combination of drugs, which once included all the components for Helicobacter therapy.
Also an important factor is, the maintenance of a normal acidity in the stomach.To determine the level of pH in the stomach and thus prescribe drugs.If the acidity is low, provide enzyme preparations and drugs that stimulate the production of gastric juice.If increased, then give antacids.
Just apply pro and prebiotics to restore normal intestinal microflora.
take anti-inflammatory and enveloping herbal (chamomile, flax, sage, St. John's wort, etc.).
take vitamins to maintain normal levels of nutrients in the body.
use preparations which protect the stomach lining is bismuth subcitrate, aluminum preparations, calf blood extracts (solkoseril etc.).
Treated properly and stay healthy!