genus name avens matter what kind of name on pharmaceutical Latin, which herbalists and medical manual written in the Middle Ages.Then the plant is called "kariofillata."Over time, the name of the people simplified to "grafilat" and soon "avens", as well as the name stuck, it recorded in botanical nomenclature.But the people Geum Rivale received another name - clove root or moguschnik large.This publication will be considered a medicinal plant Geum Rivale, description, place of growth, chemical composition and its use in traditional medicine.
Description Geum River.
Rhode avens plant belongs to the family Rosaceae.It is known that wild species Geum river can be eaten, besides, it is very useful.A huge number of vitamins to be in its young leaves, that are often prepared "Spring" salads.Together with other plants, avens provide early bee plant.Since ancient times, Geum Rivale used in folk medicine, but noted that its medicinal properties are slightly weaker than that of urban avens.
medicinal herb Geum Rivale (Geum rivale) that grows 25 to 75 cm. Geum Rivale - perennials.Stem plants are dark - red, erect.Rhizome - brown, thick.Stem leaves short-or sessile.Basal leaves Geum - on long stalks.Flowers plants drooping, bell-shaped.The reddish - brown colored calyx.Petals Geum river cream with long claws, although sometimes, gold with dark red veins.The flowering period of his starts in early spring and prolonged until mid-summer.
Geum River in the wild it grows in the northern and central regions of the European part of the CIS, in Western Siberia, Central Asia, in the west of Eastern Siberia and the Caucasus.
Medicinal plant of the Rosaceae family is mainly propagated by seeds, although sometimes seated in the spring or autumn, by dividing the bushes.
Interestingly, the fruit of the plant is very easy to cling to the fur of animals and human clothing, so they apply to large areas.Some seeds grow in the year of their maturity - somewhere in the middle of autumn.But only in the spring of next year, comes the massive growth.
The most favorable condition for growing medicinal Geum - in sun or partial shade.This soil should be fertile, loose and always slightly moist.
to grow medicinal avens in their own backyard, you can plant his seeds in autumn or spring in greenhouses boxes or beds in open ground.Sharing large shrub seedlings are planted obtained at a distance of 20 cm. The seedlings of medicinal plants of the family Rosaceae dive.For permanent avens transplanted throughout the summer (from a greenhouse), or in the spring of next year.
Medicinal properties of Geum River.
For medicinal purposes, fall and spring, stockpile root and rhizome avens.They contain tannins, starch, bitter glycoside gein which cleaves an essential oil that contains eugenol and resin.
Medicinal Geum Rivale has a hemostatic, analgesic, astringent and restorative effect.Moreover, it is antiseptic and a mild soporific means.
use of traditional medicine.
Due to its chemical composition avens is actively used in medicine.Water decoction of the roots Geum River, used in heavy hemorrhoidal bleeding, diarrhea, enterocolitis, insomnia, headaches, hemoptysis, as an anesthetic with the nerve suffering and severe diseases.
decoction is also used in joint and muscle diseases, dislocation - in the form of baths, with sore throat and bleeding gums - rinse mouth.
For information calluses, apply to them just dug and crushed roots of the plant avens.
When depressed and oppressed use tincture of Geum River on dry wine.
properties of the plant family Rosaceae, still not fully explored, so the prospect of further use of Geum River in medicine depends on further research
For an infusion of Geum river must be 2 hours. L.crushed rhizomes and roots pour a glass of boiling water, leave for an hour a pot with the lid closed.Filtered and drink three times a day for 1 hour.l.before meals.
decoction of rhizomes made from 2 tbsp.l.crushed rhizomes with roots Bay of 500 ml.of boiling water.The resulting infusion is filtered and used for washing, rinsing and local baths.
In preparing a drug for insomnia, you must rhizomes with roots carefully grind into powder, then 1 gram powder mixed with one teaspoon of honey and eat three times a day.This drug helps with nervous disorders and insomnia.
When the oppressed and depressed prepare an infusion of 5 items.l.crushed root, filling it with 500 ml of dry wine, insist 8 days, then filtered.Take recommend an hour after eating.
In preparing the infusion of Geum River, to relieve painful symptoms of endometriosis, you need 100 grams of fresh crushed root fill a liter of dry red wine, soak in a cool, dark place for two weeks, with periodic shaking.The filtered infusion to drink 50 grams three times a day before meals, during the painful symptoms of endometriosis one week before menstruation.