known that flower Ivan da Marya, was named in honor of two loving hearts - well done Ivan and the beautiful Maria.Folk legend says that Ivan and Marya turned into beautiful flowers, that will never be separated from each other.That's why the plants are always flowers two sharply differentiated colors: Ivan - purple shirt, and Marya - a yellow handkerchief.This publication may be considered a general description of Ivan da Marya, chemical composition, Ivan da Marya use in folk medicine, as well as methods of preparation and storage plants.
in common plant willow-wheat (Melampyrum nemorosum L.) has several names: 'brother, brother and sister, jaundice, zheltyanitsa Ivanova grass, meadow zvonets, melampyrum nemorosum, medunka, copperhead, Firebloom, tricolor herb.However, the most famous was called Adam and Eve (Ivan da Marya) ... In celebration of Ivan Kupala held divination with wreaths made of four different colors - attributes.The structure of such a wreath also includes willow-wheat.
Previously, there was a belief that if Ivan Kupala collect flowers Ivan da Marya, they will be a year to keep the house from various evil spirits, and the grass family hearth protects and promotes the attainment of long and strong love between spouses.It should be noted, and the fact that the fragrant juicy follicle really like ants.These forest workers take away the seeds in the forest, thereby contributing, spreading plant.
The appearance of plants
Ivan da Marya is an annual plant-poluparazit family figwort and reaches a height of 15 to50 cm. Due to the presence in the roots of the original suckers, the plant is able to attach themselves to the roots of other plants, and thereby receive a partnutrients from them.Melampyrum nemorosum is erect, branching stem, covered with whitish hairs, pointing downwards.Leaves lanceolate, opposite, whole - extreme.
flower Ivan da Marya has a racemose inflorescence, consisting of many individual flowers.Each flower is on its peduncle, hidden in the axils of upper leaves.All the flowers are turned to one side.The upper bracts are painted in purple, bright purple, crimson or blue.Moreover, the tip of the bracts has more saturated color.Calyx pubescent, corolla bright yellow.Fruits Ivan da Marya are oblong boxes that the disclosure be divided in two.Ivan da Marya blooms usually in the late spring and blooms until the autumn.
Ivan da Marya is a medicinal plant and is found mainly in the meadows, forest edges, in bushes and light forests of the European part of Russia, as well as the North-West and West-steppe of Ukraine, the Caucasus,and even in Siberia.
Harvesting and storage plants
Ivan da Marya plant (leaves, fruit, stems, flowers) is used to make drugs.For this fruit of the plant is stored in the July - September, and the above-ground part - in May - September.Dry grass to be shaded and stored - separately from other plants and a maximum of 10 months.
chemical composition of plants
plant contains elements such as dulcitol glycosides, alkaloids, and its seeds - poisonous glycoside aukubin.
Application Ivan da Marya in folk medicine
plant medunka has insecticidal, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect good.
Infusion of herbs found use in traditional medicine.It is used internally for hypertension, dizziness, heart disease, neuralgia, epilepsy, diseases of the stomach and gastrointestinal tract, and externally in the form of washing and bathing for skin tuberculosis, scabies, diathesis, eczema, various rashes, diseases of the chest, rheumatismand as wound healing.
chopped fresh herb Ivan da Marya, promotes rapid healing of wounds.A decoction of the fruit of this plant is used to kill insect pests.
Infusion for topical use:
In bowl put 3 tbsp.l.chopped herbs and plants to fill 1 liter of hot boiled water.Insist 2 hours, then strained infusion used as a local bathing and baths for skin diseases.
infusion for use in epilepsy:
In bowl put 1 tbsp.l.chopped herbs plants and pour 1 cup of hot boiled water.Insist 30 minutes, then strained infusion drink half a glass twice a day.
Attention!The structure of the plant includes toxic glycosides, so its application requires great care!