One of the favorite fruit of many people - pear, the most common type of which are homemade pear and European Pear krasnobokaya.Since ancient times, this fruit is known in Russia in the epic tales and even in "Domostroi" we can find mention of pear.Worldwide, there are about 5 thousand. Pear varieties, which found its use even in traditional medicine.In this publication we will consider the beneficial properties of European Pear, methods of preparation and its chemical composition.
Harvesting pears for the winter.
In folk medicine, use fresh and dried fruits, and leaves.In order to dry the fruits selected pear with firm flesh.The fruits are washed, the core is removed and cut into four quarters.They were then incubated in a 1% solution of citric or tartaric acid of about about 1 hour.Aged slices are immersed in boiling water for 1-3 minutes, then cooled in cold water, allowed to drain and placed in the oven.In
comprise first blower oven at a temperature of about 85 degrees, then it was reduced t
Dried fruits stored in a dry place in closed glass jars or in canvas bags, but no longer than 2 years.
The composition of pears are starch, tannins, cellulose, pectin, and enzymes.Unlike other varieties of green pear contains sorbitol.In later grades of starch is much less and, moreover, it quickly decays.
The pear fruit contains the following acids: citric acid, coffee, apple, boric, nicotine, quinine and chlorogenic.As part of overripe fruit discovered lactic and acetic acids.
Due to the content of the fruit stone cells mature pear crunch sincethey contain lignin and lignified fiber.But when ripe crunch disappears.
Pear contains a lot of vitamin B, glycoside arbutin, flavonoids and volatile, but vitamins A and C contained in it in very small doses.
pear fruits contain such elements as potassium, cobalt, copper, manganese, molybdenum, iron, fluorine, iodine, nickel, vanadium, and others. In contrast to the apple, peach, apricot, black currant, strawberry and plum, pear contains largethe amount of zinc.
Useful properties Pear ordinary.
Preparations of pears and pear themselves have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, astringent, anti-sclerotic, diuretic, sosudoukreplyayuschee, hematopoietic, cardiotonic, cleansing and alkalizing effect.
Cardiac and has a diuretic effect of potassium contained in the pears.It helps the excretion of water and salts, and also provides alkalizing effect on the body.
contained in fruits tannin astringent-fixing action.
Glycoside Arbutin has antibacterial effect on bacteria and disturbances in the intestinal flora, which in turn leads to inflammation of the kidneys and bladder.Also, when these diseases glycoside has a diuretic, anti-inflammatory and disinfectant action.
for hematopoiesis pear is the source of folic acid.
pear fruit exhibit anti-sclerotic and anti-inflammatory properties due to high content of flavonoids and phenolic acids, which in turn have a P-vitamin activity, contributing to the strengthening of the capillaries.
Pectin removes toxins and heavy metals.
in science and medicine pear and preparations are used in prostate, kidney stones, gastrointestinal disorders, diarrhea, inflammatory diseases of the urinary system, diseases of the lungs (coughing), feverish conditions, vascular fragility (internal bleeding)atherosclerosis and the general loss of strength.
In diseases of bile and urinary system, diabetes and obesity prescribe the use of pears 250 g per day on a regular basis, asits fruits have a low energy value.At the same diseases can be used and dried fruits, but to a lesser extent.
for diabetes treatment prescribed pear juice.It is taken 30 minutes before lunch every day, start with 60 ml and made up to 1 cup (if tolerated).
Pear compote - one of the most effective ways to treat prostatitis in folk medicine.A few days after his admission, you will feel a marked improvement and long-term use there is complete recovery.Therefore, not only therapeutic, but also prophylactically to all men over 45 years is recommended to drink compote of dried pears from autumn until spring.
If fever taking a decoction of dried pears, he also has analgesic, antiseptic, diuretic and strengthens the action.
When diarrhea is recommended to take water decoction.To this dried pears (1 glass) is filled with water (0.5 L) and boiled for four hours.Strained broth take 20 minutes before eating 0.5 cups four times a day.
At a headache from the aqueous broth put compresses on her head.
broth also helps with the inflammation of the bladder and kidney stones.
children with diarrhea and cooked oatmeal broth with pears.To prepare pear jelly (0.5 cups) mixed with oatmeal (3 tablespoons), fill with water (500 ml) and boiled.Allow to stand for 1 hour and filtered through a double layer of cheesecloth.Take 30 minutes before meals four times a day for 0.5 cups.
When choking, coughing and severe pulmonary tuberculosis using boiled and baked fruits pears.
Despite the large number of useful properties, pear there are contraindications.Not recommended for European Pear with acute or chronic diseases of the digestive system and constipation.