There are three main causes of eye infections in young children.This condition usually resolves on its own, but sometimes you may need antibiotics.Many kids suffer some form of eye infection.
This child's eyes after sleeping covered with crusts and eyelids stuck together.Although the symptoms are very unpleasant, in most cases, these states do not pose a serious threat and tested independently.However, in severe redness of the eyes, as well as infectious diseases of the eye occur in children or an increase in the number of selections, you may need treatment.
There are three main reasons:
- obstruction (blockage) tear ducts;
- neonatal ophthalmia (intrapartum infection).
Excluding infection in childbirth in infectious eye diseases in children, eye infections in children usually go away without treatment.Conjunctivitis - inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin membrane that covers the sclera (white of the eye) and the inner surface of the eyelids.The reason for conjunctivitis ma
Allergic Conjunctivitis in infectious diseases of the eye in children usually causes mild redness and itching and arises as a reaction to the allergen, such as pollen, house dust mites or cosmetics.Most often it occurs in older children and adults.Conjunctivitis irritation can be caused by, for example, the chlorine in the pool water or cigarette smoke.
Bacterial Conjunctivitis in infectious diseases of the eye in children is caused by several types of bacteria, including Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Haemophilus influenzae.Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is accompanied by more severe symptoms compared with viral or allergic manifested a marked redness, copious mucous discharge and sticking century dream.Bacterial conjunctivitis is very contagious and can be easily transferred from one eye to the other.For this reason, it is important to observe hygiene by washing the child's eye or eye drops to prevent infection.
treatment of conjunctivitis infectious diseases of the eye in children depends on its cause.Allergic conjunctivitis can be treated with eye drops or oral sodium cromoglycate forms of antihistamines.Antibacterial eye drops containing chloramphenicol and fusidic acid are effective in the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis.Available drugs in the form of antibacterial ointments, which are used much less frequently.Should stop using eye drops in infectious diseases of the eye in children and ointments after completion of treatment.If symptoms persist conjunctivitis after the treatment, you should take a swab to identify the causative agent and the selection of an adequate antibiotic.Obstruction of tear ducts is very common in infants.This difficulty of outflow of tear fluid from the eye to the nasal cavity leads to watery eyes.May soon join the infection with pathological sticky discharge from the eye.To prevent infection with infectious eye diseases in children, it is necessary to regularly clean the baby's eyes clean swab from the inner corner to the outer and washed with cold boiled water.Doctors advise parents to massage the little finger of the tear duct in the inner corner of the eye with gentle pumping movements.Redness of the eyes or the appearance of copious greenish discharge is a sign of joining a secondary infection.In this case, the prescribed antibacterial eye drops or ointment.Fortunately, obstruction of the tear ducts usually goes away on their own without any treatment before the age of one year.
If the problem persists, contact an ophthalmologist, who can restore patency of tear ducts using a thin probe.This simple procedure is performed under general anesthesia in order to fully disabled child.At older ages, sensing may be less effective, so do not delay treatment for a long time.A rare but serious eye infection - neonatal ophthalmia - affects mainly infants.Developed as a result of infection with the child's eyes when passing through the birth canal.Ophthalmia neonatal infectious diseases of the eye in children is usually seen 5-14 days after birth as an expression of bilateral conjunctivitis with eyelid edema, diffuse redness and copious mucous discharge from the eye.To verify that the prescribed treatment, conduct sampling on the analysis.Infectious agents are most often chlamydia, gonorrhea or herpes simplex viruses, sexually transmitted diseases.The child's parents are also required treatment.
Currently, chlamydia infection is becoming more common among young women.Typically, the disease is asymptomatic.If untreated neonatal ophthalmia can cause scarring and impaired vision.Infants with chlamydial eye infections and prone to pneumonia.For these reasons, you need urgent treatment with antibiotics by mouth or intravenously.
Herpes infection may be transmitted to the fetus during passage through the birth canal of a mother having genital herpes in the active phase.Simple herpes in newborns can manifest itself in the form of conjunctivitis, or blisters on the skin and in the mouth.