glaucoma and cataracts - are two completely different ophthalmic diseases.The cause of the symptoms and course of disease is also not the same.However, according to statistics of the World Health Organization, these two such different diseases of view are the main cause of blindness, 20 million people in the world.What exactly are the details of the disease and what are the treatments for glaucoma and cataracts.
The term glaucoma refers to a large group of ophthalmic diseases, during which the origin and different, but the same outcome in the absence of treatment - atrophy of the optic nerve and blindness.
one of the main but not the only causes of the atrophy of the optic nerve is increased intraocular pressure, which leads to the pathological changes.In a healthy eye, thanks to the inflow and outflow of the fluid is maintained a certain pressure.In case of eye disease glaucoma, fluid circulation is disturbed and increased intraocular pressure.As a result, the optic nerve and other parts of the eye
Ophthalmologists are several types of glaucoma, which are characterized by different symptoms and course of the disease.
Angle-closure glaucoma is characterized by the fact that the fluid inside the eye accumulates due to the fact that the iris covers the angle of the anterior chamber and closes access to the drainage system of the eye.The disease is often accompanied by pain in the temporal brow and scalp.Visual impairment is clearly expressed.In this form of the disease is possible acute attack and complete loss of vision.
Open-angle glaucoma is different open access to the drainage system of the eye, but the function of the drainage system directly violated.
to treat glaucoma use the following treatments:
Medication, which is aimed at reducing the intraocular pressure.However, this method is not a panacea, because the intraocular pressure varies throughout life, it is difficult to pick an individual remedy for this problem.
To date, the primary method of treatment of glaucoma is surgery.These transactions are carried out using a special surgical or laser equipment.
For the treatment of open-angle glaucoma or closure using various methods of surgical or laser treatments.
When angle-closure glaucoma is used laser iridotomy, sklerangulorekonstruktsiyu, as well as the transparent lens removal with intraocular lens implantation, if the value of the lens does not match the magnitude of the eye.Removing the lens of time helps to avoid the further development of the disease.
In open form of glaucoma is used non-penetrating deep sclerectomy.Operative treatment of glaucoma to help normalize the balance of eye fluid, allow to refuse medical treatment, allow follow-correction operations.
Another equally serious eye disease, which can also lead to blindness is cataracts.The main symptom of cataract is a clouding of the lens, causing blurred vision occurs, flashing dots and stripes in front of the eyes, photophobia, vision deteriorates.As the cataract of the eye pupil color is white instead of black.
causes contributing to the development of the disease are different eye injuries, eye diseases, genetic predisposition, endocrine diseases, radiation, ultraviolet, microwave radiation, long reception of medicines, smoking, toxic poisoning, unfavorable ecological environment.
diagnose the disease at an early stage is capable of a highly qualified specialist, using the following methods: fundus examination in good light and biomicroscopy of the eye using special equipment.
developing cataracts through the following stages:
- initial cataract, which is due to the optical zone appears clouding of the lens;
- immature cataracts - clouding of the lens moving in the central zone;
- mature cataracts - opacities occupied the whole area of the lens;
- overripe cataract - lens thickens and becomes milky white.
«Maturation" cataract can occur from 4 to 15 years.Cataract surgery is performed exclusively by.Now a modern ophthalmology treatment of cataract using ultrasound phacoemulsification and subsequent implantation of an artificial intraocular lens.Thanks to this operation, there is a replacement of the affected cataract lens with an artificial lens.During the operation, apply local anesthesia drip.Operation is easily tolerated at any age.Cataract Treatment should not be delayed because the cataracts may contribute to secondary glaucoma, which is very dangerous.Without surgery, cataract threaten complete loss of vision.
Be attentive to their health.Take care of yourself and stay healthy.