tonsils or tonsils form clusters of lymphoid tissue in the throat that produces lymphocytes and plasma cells.With these tonsil cells protect the body from harmful germs and bacteria.Tonsils play an important role neutralize infection.However, if the body is severely weakened, tonsils do not always do their job and they can not stand the attack of microbes, swell, become inflamed, blush.This disease is called angina or acute tonsillitis.The most common diseases of the glands are considered to be an acute inflammation of the tonsils or tonsillitis and chronic inflammation of the tonsils or adenoid.
main symptoms of inflammation of the glands are sore throat, difficulty swallowing, breathing problems, fever, general weakness of the body.To get rid of tonsillitis traditional medicine holds therapeutic treatment and removal of tonsils tonsils different surgical methods.
Chronic inflammation of the tonsils requires timely treatment, as fraught with a variety of serious complications in the heart and joint
glands Surgery is indicated for the following symptoms:
- frequent diseases purulent angina (2-4 times a year), which is accompanied by a fever or there are complications that are associated with inflammation: pyelonephritis, arthritis, rheumatoidarthritis, and the like;
- frequent tonsillitis disease without apparent complications, accompanied by fever;
- if in the case of angina develop complications in the joints, heart or adenitis lymph nodes in the lower jaw.
in surgical practice for the treatment of tonsillitis following methods are used: the complete removal of tonsils or tonsillectomy or partial removal of the tonsils.
operation for complete removal of the tonsils is recommended to carry out 2-3 weeks after acute tonsillitis, after careful examination of the patient in the hospital.Perform the operation under local or general anesthesia.To perform tonsillectomy are expander mouth.Immediately after the surgery to remove the tonsils patient is laid on its side.On the first day it is only allowed to drink cold water in small sips.The following days after the surgery the operated patient gets liquid and hot food.After 4-5 days after the operation the patient discharged for further outpatient treatment.Usually this operation is prescribed only when other methods have not helped.If contraindications to tonsillectomy: renal and heart failure, hemophilia, angina, severe form of diabetes, acute infectious diseases, active form of tuberculosis, menstruation, the third trimester of pregnancy, -Choose other treatments glands.
One of the most modern and gentle methods of tonsillectomy is a partial laser removal of tonsils, which is carried out in specialized clinics with the help of modern equipment.
Another method of removing tonsils is cryosurgery.This method, which produces a local effect of low temperatures for therapeutic purposes.After exposure to low temperatures on the inflamed tissue of the tonsils, the tonsils are exposed degradation or destruction.In tissues affected by liquid nitrogen.Contraindications are limited to only individual intolerance.
Just addition to removing the tonsils used to treat tonsillitis physiotherapy laser therapy devices.For treatment uses low-intensity laser beam.This method allows to increase the human antiviral immunity and improve its adaptation possibilities: increase resistance to stress, improve sleep, increase efficiency, improve care.The effect of immune characteristic of children and adults who spend a quantum treatment of tonsillitis and other diseases.This treatment helps to reduce the use of drugs, as well as the side effects they cause.
to treat glands thermotherapy devices are also used, which are warming the inflamed areas.However, not all of this method is shown.In acute purulent inflammation, fevers, abuse of temperature sensitivity, cancer, increased sensitivity to thermal effects, pustular diseases, mental illness and alcohol intoxication use thermal physical therapy is contraindicated.
addition to surgical and physical therapy as well as treatment of various medical drugs for the treatment of glands used methods of traditional medicine, which also include various heating and rinsing inflamed tonsils.Widely used a variety of tinctures and infusions of herbs, compresses on the area of the throat.And use the most unusual ways.For example, traditional healers offer soap and wool socks, as a compress to apply it to her throat.You can make a poultice of yogurt.In any case, do not rush to remove the tonsils, and try them first to treat a variety of ways and always under the supervision of a physician otolaryngologist.