Bronchial asthma - a disease that often occurs accompanied by attacks of breathlessness.And it, in turn, is manifested by the bronchospasm (muscle fibers), edema of the bronchial mucosa.This phenomenon can be compared to that of a man who choked on the dinner table, but the consequences are extremely not the same.Asthma can be confused with other diseases, but there are a number of symptoms that help determine that the patient is a disease of the bronchi.
asthma attacks occur unpredictably, and as one might think, usually at night.Before their appearance, there are harbingers of a kind - such as itching, runny nose, headache, rash and a state of confusion.
When the phrase, asthma first aid should be provided urgently.
There is a kind of asthma - infectious-dependent, which implies that the patient feels as if his chest is squeezed as much as possible, and at night you can not dive into a normal healthy sleep over doing constantly get rid of the cough.When can we expect the precursors of asthma?Time
How to still the ignorant person that bronchial asthma attack has already begun.First, a patient will miss the fresh air, so that the breath will be tension, it is difficult.Particular attention should be paid to exhale, which will have a buzz sound, wheezing.Secondly, the chest will be put forward as a desire to breathe arise in the first place.Third, it is directly the cough that may be dry and sputum.Gradually, shortness of breath will pass, normal process of breathing and the patient will begin to calm down.This phenomenon can be compared with the earthquake, when a wave passes a certain stage, and soon everything is back to its original position.
unexpected attack is sure to scare someone who was close, but it's important to stay calm and be able to competently handle difficult situations.Stay close to the moment when the patient began to feel bad, you can save lives.
If it turned out that you were with a patient during his attack.One should not immediately panic, just follow a series of measures, that is to give first aid.
first thing is to give the patient as much as possible of fresh air, preferably not too cold, free from burdens the clothes and help him to take a comfortable position of the body in which it will breathe much easier.To put this into practice, the best option would be the position, sitting on a chair, leaning slightly forward over the back.Weight should be transferred to the hands.
Further, when the newly occurring symptoms of asthma can be okat first aid, if you omit the hands of the patient for 10 minutes in hot water, then the same is done with the feet.During the attack there is a strong strain of limbs.Muscle and this creates additional difficulties getting rid of symptom onset.Therefore, to avoid this stress, while lowering the hands and feet in a basin of hot water, should bend the limbs (arms at the elbows and knees).We can not ask for help from traditional medicine, which is always able to give first aid for asthma: take a few heads of onions, use a grater to grind it, and then, the resulting mass apply to the patient between the shoulder blades, cover the top of a sheet of paper, then with a towelor a warm cloth.This compress dozhzhen be on the patient's body for 3 hours.It helps acupressure, which should be carried out as follows: take the phalanges of the patient and actively massage.Pay special attention to the points of the thumb, because it is directly linked with the heart muscle and bronchitis.An excellent solution to the problem would be the use of this method: put the patient belly up to the surface and press with both hands on the chest at the time of expiration exactly 10 times.If you have a home available drugs such as aminophylline, ephedrine, it can be said that you can save the patient from repeating the attack and hold its normal state for a long time.It is enough to give the patient ½ tablet to the effect has emerged.An excellent tool for solving the problem is a tablet izadrin, which will require 1 or 2 things for resorption.
In bronchial asthma patients carry a special sprays that help to quickly deal with attacks such as astmopent or berotek.Just one injection into the throat of the patient and condition immediately improved markedly, the patient can breathe easy.However, a lot of use of such sprays should not be, as some of them can be addictive, and even then it is a negative phenomenon for a sick person.
If you notice that after 30-40 minutes, the patient's condition had not improved, it is necessary to call an ambulance to experienced doctors have solved this problem.If time does not take appropriate measures, the asthma will be able to take a position of chronic disease, which attacks will be repeated with the smallest time interval.Children with first aid should not be used to prevent attacks of aerosols, as they only cause deterioration of the children themselves say getting used to it.Do not forget the first aid.