Runny nose or rhinitis - inflammation of the lining of the nose (mucous), quite common in childhood.It seems that it is a harmless little thing, but it is a misconception.Nose - "input air gates" of our body.Through him, we receive all the air you breathe.It is the most sensitive organ, there are many nerve endings and small capillaries that are associated with a number of agencies.Therefore, violation of nasal breathing is fraught with baby suffering.
Moms are always concerned about the question: "How to treat a runny nose in young children?".Within this article I will try to answer it, to give a few practical tips to parents how to behave in non-complicated cases in children under one year of age or older.
Runny nose lasts for 7 to 10 days, it depends on the underlying disease that caused it: SARS, adenoviral infection, and others. But my mother should know that in any case it is necessary to turn to the pediatrician for the elucidation of the causes of rhinitis and treatment of the underlying dis
relief of nasal breathing baby by any available means:
1) If a child is in bed, raise the head of the bed.You can put a pillow under the shoulders, roll in a way that would have the upper torso and head were in relation to the body at a small angle (40-45 °), it is important that the child was comfortable to lie in such a position.This will help the mucus from the nose is easier to stand out.
2) Newborns and babies up to one year - a special group of patients, they are too small, do not say that they have hurt.They can not plant or have to blow his nose, and children because of the common cold will suffer.But they can help - suck with a soft rubber bulb of the nose slime.To do this you need to be very careful that would prevent injury nasal mucosa.The procedure can be repeated, but not too abusing it.You can not wash out the nasal passages!And just to suck the mucus from there!
We can not allow the drying of mucus in the nose!
To do this, use saline 0.9%, which can be found in any pharmacy, it is enough to drip into both nasal passage of a child three or four drops.Many sources describe methods for the preparation of brine at home, but do not need to do that.You home is never make the solution at the desired concentration, instead of helping to harm your baby.This manipulation can be carried out as babies up to one year and older children.The first time the procedure will bring a little bit of discomfort, the child can cough, start to sneeze, it's not scary.After two or three such procedures sensitivity of receptors of the nasal mucosa and a decrease of the reaction is no more.Repeat this manipulation can be 1 per hour.It is recommended to add saline solution to the oily liquid containing vitamin A or E, are sold in a pharmacy in ampoules.This will prevent not only dry, but moisturize, restore and relieve irritation of the nasal mucosa.Bury one two drops in both nasal passage.
relief of nasal breathing
There are a lot of drugs for the treatment of rhinitis in young children.They are called all different, but they all contain decongestants.Their action is based on vasoconstriction of nasal mucosa, which leads to a reduction in the formation of mucus and significantly improving nasal breathing.Used in the form of droplets, powders and tablets.Immediately, I note that they have many side effects, so you should use them with caution, carefully considering the age.Excessive use of drug is also not the same can not necessarily observing the frequency of use.
Preparations for the treatment of rhinitis in young children and how to use
Many drugs manufactured under different names, but as the basis of their one substance, on the packaging or in the manual, it should be specified, read carefully.It all depends on the company's products.I will list just some of them.
Rinzai, Antiflu, Coldrex active ingredient - phenylephrine.They can only be used in children older than 12 years.They operate up to 4-6 hours, then the dose should be repeated.
Nazol Baby 0.125%.Applied in children, which is already a year old, observing all precautions to drip into the nose is not more than 1 time for 6 hours, 1-2 drops.In children older than 6 years the dose can be increased to 3-4 drops.Duration of treatment is not more than 7 days!
Naphthyzinum 0.025% active ingredient - imidazoline or xylometazoline, a drug intended for children can vary from 2 to 6 years.Apply three times per day and no more than 5 days!
Xymelin 0.05% from 6 to 12 years of age, use no more than three times a day not more than 5 days!
Xymelin 0.1% for the treatment of rhinitis in children older than 12 years.The duration of treatment up to 5 days!
Nazivin 0.01% unique drug for the treatment of rhinitis in newborns and babies up to one year.Valid for up to 12 hours.Apply three times per day and no more than 5 days!
There are a great many people's councils than to treat a runny nose in young children, the methods are very effective, but it is a topic of another article.
Parents, be very careful when choosing a drug for the treatment of rhinitis in your offspring!All of these drugs have many side effects and contraindications.If your baby is sick, not feeling well, it is best to contact your pediatrician.Only he will be able to identify the real cause of the disease, early treatment, so you will avoid many complications.Keep your baby's health, it is still necessary!