One of the most common facial injury is the injury of the nose, in otorhinolaryngology is probably the most frequent pathologies.Injuries of the nose can be divided into damaged bones of the nose and nasal cartilage.In sports and in life is the most frequent damage to the cartilage, rather than fractures.As a rule, immediately after the injury, the victim begins nosebleeds, the affected area swells, making it difficult to define the exact location of the damage, fracture.After some time, it becomes clearly evident displacement and deformation of the nose, if it takes place.Often accompanied by a nose injury concussion, it is often accompanied by headaches and nausea.Most often injured nasal cartilage called nasal septum.
nasal septum - it is flexible plate that divides the nasal cavity into 2 approximately equal parts.Often the nasal septum has some curvature bends, which in itself is normal, if it is within the normal range, in addition to the partition are outgrowths of-thorns.The nasal septum may be
Sometimes a deviated septum is formed with childhood or adolescence, and without any external influences, injuries.Skeleton faces formed during the growth and, in some cases, if the cartilage grows somewhat faster than the other facial skeleton, bending occurs septum.Correction occurred for various reasons, the curvature of the nasal septum may just be necessary if the person is not able to fully breathe through the nose, he always lays the nose, accompanied by headaches, sinusitis and other troubles.For a man it is important to nasal breathing as the air passes through the nose, cleaned, humidified, warmed and only then enters the lungs, which to some extent protects them from the negative effects.The nose filters and cleans the air, which is very important for the normal lung function and overall health.
Symptoms arising from a deviated septum
A) Nasal breathing is difficult, and in particular, the most serious cases, is completely impossible.In most cases, patients suffer unilateral deviated septum, which makes it impossible to air inhalation respective curved side.
B) As a rule, people with a deviated septum snore during sleep because nasal breathing impaired.For many, this is a serious problem: prevent snoring full rest, sleep at night, the body does not get enough oxygen needed for normal brain and recreation.The result - weakness, lack of sleep, bad mood and other "charms".
in) Correction highly deviated nasal septum is necessary to those people who, due to this disease often suffer from various associated with her illness.It is chronic sinusitis (etmoidit, sinusitis, sinusitis).
D) Almost always deviated septum leads to changes in the shape of the nose, it may be shifted in the direction to be flattened, which visually noticeable to outsiders, and spoils the appearance of the face.
D) There are frequent nosebleeds, for example, blowing the nose.
E) In some cases, a deviated septum can lead to poor ventilation of the middle ear cavity, which greatly impairs the hearing.
F) People with this disorder are prone to frequent prolonged respiratory infection complicated by sinusitis.
Correcting a human curvature of the nasal septum
This, the most common operation in Rhinology, is called the submucosa resection, it was developed over 100 years ago and used to this day, with some modifications.In this curved bone and cartilage of the septum is removed, which is done inside the nose a small incision.Many Otorhinolaryngologists use in their practice, septoplasty, when the cartilage is not removed entirely, however, these techniques have several drawbacks:
1. pretty strong pain accompanying the patient in the postoperative period.I have to constantly insert tampons inside the nose, as well as make a daily toilet, which is quite painful.
2. During the operation, the patient can be quite a big loss of blood (sometimes up to 800 ml).
3. As in the earlier and the later post-operative period, there is a possibility of strong bleeding, in some cases, pose a threat to life.To stop the severe bleeding is sometimes necessary to take drastic measures such as bandaging the external carotid artery.
4. After submucosal resection of the threat of the perforation walls that can obstruct nasal breathing.
But in recent years are beginning to apply modern methods of correction of the curvature of the nasal septum, it is a laser hondroseptoplastike, that is to rid the patient of this disease utilizes a laser by which changes the shape of the cartilage.Unfortunately, this method is not for everyone, it has a lot of contraindications and rare patient instead held traditional septoplasty and submucosal resection.However, there is hope for further development of modern technology, less traumatic and requires very little medical treatment, as well as exclusive complications.