There are two main causes of hearing damage: it is getting a foreign body in the ear canal, and damage to the eardrum.Very young children often inserted in the ears various items.Most often, these small items, i.e.everything that falls under their arms.Remove these items is particularly difficult.This is due to the fact that the auditory canal is in the temporal bone.Moreover, the auditory meatus consists of thin delicate skin, so various extraneous steps in the ear canal can deliver not only unpleasant, but also extremely painful.In order to assist in hearing damage: to examine the ear canal and, if necessary, remove foreign objects, doctors use special tools.
When you break the eardrum are the following symptoms:
- foreign object in the ear;
- dizziness, nausea, vomiting;
- pain, ringing or noise in the ear;
- clear discharge or bleeding from the ear;
- redness and swelling of the ear canal;
- loss of hearing and feeling as if a foreign body in the ear.
cause damage to the eardrum can se
- a loud noise or explosion (fireworks, shot fireworks);
- getting into the ear canal of various objects (pencil, cotton swab, a toothpick);
- a sharp change in atmospheric pressure (airfare, explosion, blow to the ear, scuba diving).
First aid for hearing injury induced by various causes.
case of contact with a foreign object in the ear canal the first thing to do is to calm the person.Then examine the ear, if the object is visible, carefully remove it with tweezers, or manually.Once again, check the ear foreign body should be removed completely.If a foreign object was left, and it is difficult to see and get, try to pull it out with tweezers impossible.You are his only advance further, thereby complicate the task.If the ear is not blood, you can try to shake out the small thing, but is necessary to avoid sudden movements and bumps.Even if a foreign object is completely removed, be sure to consult a doctor.The specialist will be able to determine if there is damage unnoticed.
If you get an insect in the ear canal not try to get your finger insect, it can only provoke a bite.Tilt your head so that the ear has appeared at the top.Perhaps your own insect crawl.If the insect does not crawl out, try to pour oil into the ear.If the victim - an adult, pull the earlobe up and back slightly.If the victim - a child, pull the earlobe down and back.Insect certainly suffocate in the oil.In order to control other objects of the ear, the oil can not be used because it may cause swelling of the part materials.Regardless of whether you got an insect or not, you should seek medical advice.Very sensitive skin ear canal may be subject to irritations.
When you break the eardrum victim experiences acute pain.First aid in this case - from the outside to close the ear sterile cotton.This will help prevent infection.After that you should seek immediate medical attention.You can not drip into the ear of drugs without a special prescription.
If damage to the external ear need to attach to the wound cotton swab and wait until the bleeding stops.Next, you need to make a sterile bandage to roll around the ear.When edema and easy bruising make a cold compress.In the case of amputation of the ear, be sure to save it before the arrival of the doctor.Part of the ear wrap a clean, sterile cloth, and overlaid with ice.
At discharge from the ear make free with a roller bandage around the ear.Turn the head so that the affected ear faces downwards.This will allow an outflow of secretions.Please note, if the victim is injured back or neck, you can not change its location.An urgent need to see a specialist.
General recommendations in the event of damage to hearing:
- Do not remove the foreign object with a cotton swab, tweezers or any other tool.Instead of helping, you can only worsen the situation and push the object deeper into the ear canal;
- Do not try to stop the discharge from the ear;
- does not drip drugs or fluid in the ears;
- Do not wash or clean your own ear canal.
While flying on an airplane in the ears may feel pain and discomfort. In this case, you need to drink more fluids.Do not drink alcohol or smoke on the day of the flight.At the moment of take-off and landing will help chewing gum or candy, lollipops.