Acute tonsillitis or a sore throat, is one of the most common diseases of upper respiratory tract.Besides yielding sufficient trouble to humans.Even modern medicine development, failed to reduce the incidence and frequency of many complications.This is largely due to the traditionally established relations to this ailment.Because few people aware of the danger to human health angina.But it can even cost lives.
But all in order.The disease leads to angina intoxication, hyperthermia (elevated body temperature).And it is a danger to children up to a year, as they can cause febrile seizures.The same can happen in a human who has had a relatively recent severe nerve disease (meningitis, encephalitis, stroke), epilepsy and Parkinson's syndrome.
But the most dangerous complications of tonsillitis.All of them can be divided into early and late.
The early complications of angina include all pathological conditions that arise during or immediately after the disease.
- In first place in the incidence of ab
- Next in importance are the various purulent complications outside the oropharynx.Here the main factor is a feature of the blood supply.The fact that the whole venous blood from the mucous membrane of the tonsils collected in the sinuses of the skull, and then to go to the superior vena cava to the heart.This creates favorable conditions for settling festering substrate in the structures of the skull.All this can lead to meningitis, otitis media, mastoiditis (inflammation petrosal process of the temporal bone).
- less frequent, but more serious complication - sepsis.For physicians, this state is not very predictable, and therefore dangerous.It gives sepsis and 90% of deaths due to early complications, which result in different types of angina.
Late complications occur a few weeks after suffering tonsillitis.This includes rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis.Both of these diseases are considered classic autoimmune pathologies.The fact that acute tonsillitis is most often caused by beta-hemolytic streptococcus group A. It has 2 properties, which constitute a danger to the human body.
Firstly, a bacterium capable of producing the toxin, a detrimental effect is on the heart muscle - the so-called cardio toxins.It is a protein substance that the interaction with the membrane of cardiomyocytes is able to lead to its destruction.
Another feature of the streptococcus is the similarity of the structure of its cell wall and membrane protein of connective tissue and podocytes (the main cells of the kidney nephrons).This fact poses a major threat to health in patients with congenital defects of the immune system.But as practice shows, such people a very large number.In the case of inflammation caused by streptococcus (which is just typical for angina), the immune system starts the production of specific antibodies.They are designed to recognize and bind to the bacterial cell wall.To do this, the structure of their complementarily (ie on a key-lock) for surface structures streptococcus.As a result, human macrophages differentiate "us" and "them."Recent subjected to absorption and degradation.Thus, the immune system works in many cases.But angina antibodies bind not only bacteria, but also with podocytes, cell membranes and connective tissue.As a result, "attacked" by the immune system are exposed to the kidney, the inner wall of small and small blood vessels, joints.
first leads to the fact that in developing nephrons inflammation - glomerulonephritis.Moreover, it is the inflammation has arisen initially due to the similarity of the cell wall of Streptococcus and nephrons, further proceeds without bacterial antigens.That's because when damage occurs podocyte changes in the structure of the membrane, and it is already perceived as "foreign", against which once again begins to produce antibodies.As a result, the process becomes chronic, which can lead to renal failure.Incidentally, the leading cause of end-stage renal failure and dialysis for life, the first place is glomerulonephritis.
other "dots", which has similarity structures are vessels, joints and heart.The mechanism of inflammation in this case is very similar to that in glomerulonephritis.But the effects of this are different.In the case of acute rheumatic fever with the defeat of the cardiovascular system (the old way, it is known as rheumatism), to the fore in the clinic out disruption of the heart and blood vessels.The first often leads to the formation of defects of the heart, and the second - the development of various disorders of the central nervous system.And then, and another is not good for the health.
In the case of the pre-emptive destruction of the joints, develops their inflammation - arthritis.He is accompanied by frequent pain and dysfunction of joints.Thus, for a person, even a full recovery from a sore throat can result in a violation of not only health, but also lead to death.Because even the most banal disease can present some danger to the human body.