This small, but such an important organ in the human health is on the front of the neck and is shaped like a butterfly.It is intended for the production of thyroid hormones that regulate metabolism and hormone calcitonin, which is responsible for the level of calcium in the bones and is necessary for impulse conduction in nerve and muscle tissue.When hormones are normal, we do not even notice how the thyroid gland.But when their level of development varies, one feels it is literally all over.It is the intensity of the production of hormones associated with all diseases of the thyroid gland.What role does the thyroid gland in the human body?
When the healthy development of thyroid hormones decreases, endocrinologist diagnoses "hypothyroidism."Just notice it, but often the symptoms - such as drowsiness, weight gain, sensitivity to cold, depression - explained by fatigue, stress or bad weather.Symptoms of hypothyroidism can be called retardation of active processes in the body.Since the energy ceases to b
Who would not be tempted to call in the morning to work and said the patient because getting out of bed no strength?Usually we write it off on chronic fatigue syndrome.Although the symptoms of these diseases are similar, the occurrence of CFS is most often triggered by a viral infection and stress.Consult your doctor and if hypothyroidism is confirmed, do not worry: the lack of hormones compensated medicines.And get used to take one pill in the morning - not difficult.
When thyroid hormones are produced in the human excess, hyperthyroidism develops, that is the exact opposite of hypothyroidism.It is a clinical syndrome caused by the negative impact of persistent excess of thyroid hormones in the body.This disease is not as common as hypothyroidism, however, it is found - as a disease associated with deficiency of the hormones - mostly women.Like hyperthyroidism manifested externally?Among the symptoms of a person - a feeling of heat and sweating, constant tremors in the limbs, mood swings (from euphoria to depression and back again), part excitement, crying.Since stocks decreased calcium, bones become more brittle.May occur and eye problems: the patient in the eyes of all the doubles, there are swelling under them, and the eyes themselves may be slightly bulging.
for the synthesis of thyroid hormones needs iodine to health.When the body was not enough, the thyroid gland enlarges, to somehow compensate for this deficiency, but its function is not impaired.This phenomenon is called "endemic goiter."In addition, iodine deficiency can develop nodular goiter (iron parts will be increased).At first, he did not bother.However, over time, can either develop hypothyroidism or disrupt the function of the thyroid gland, resulting in hyperthyroidism will.Especially dangerous iodine deficiency during pregnancy, when insufficient intake into the body needs is compounded as thyroid mother and child thyroid.In such circumstances, high risk of miscarriage, fetal abnormalities.
How do you know whether you have enough iodine?If you have a deficiency of iodine, it can be expressed in increased sleepiness, fatigue, lethargy.Also pay attention to the appearance of edema, muscle cramps, headaches.In Russia, the iodine intake falls short of the standards, so you need to take iodine-containing drugs.But only a doctor can prescribe them.The overabundance of iodine is as dangerous as the lack of it - if the "shortfall" threatens endemic goiter and hypothyroidism, the "brute force" leads to a disease associated with hyperthyroidism (Graves' disease such as).