Up to 40% of all facial injuries falls on the nose as the most outstanding part of his face, including his fractured.No matter the reasons for such an injury can not be overlooked, because it is suffering not only the functional activity of the nose - breathing and smell, but also aesthetic.Therefore, it is important to promptly contact the medical facility.
In some cases, fracture of the nose taken as a strong bruise and did not take the actions that are necessary for the treatment of such injuries.In this article we will talk about how to diagnose the symptoms and treatment of fracture of the nose.
visible part of the nose is made up of the top, back, Roots and wings - the so-called external nose.It is based on the nasal bones - the frontal bone of the upper jaw, and the wings of the nose and the tip formed cartilage.In the posterior nasal septum is bony skeleton, and in the front - cartilage.
nasal bone fracture may occur due to various injuries - street fights, sports (boxing, hockey), traffic acci
symptoms of nasal bone fracture
the strength and influence on the way to the bone, can distinguish a fracture of the nasal septum closed or open, with or without an offset.When closed fractures are not violated the integrity of the skin.Skin lesions and visible bone fragments indicate the presence of an open fracture.
main symptoms of nasal bone fracture:
- Nosebleeds.It is worth noting that not every bleeding certainly should be considered a sign of a fracture.If an injury of the nose, but not subsequently develop nosebleeds, it is not broken, and bruised tissue, which did not result in damage to the integrity of the bone.
- Visual inspection, there is a strong and rapid swelling under the eyes and directly into the damaged area.
- When the feeling of the nose, and felt a sharp pain.
- After a while, under the eyes and around the nose bruises show through so-called "symptom score."
- The victim has difficulty breathing through the nose.
- changing the natural shape of the nose.Perhaps a partial retraction into or offset.
Surgical intervention is necessary.Any serious injury to nose, including a broken and can lead not only to aesthetic defects in the form of a curvature of the nasal septum, but also to more serious consequences - disruption of nasal congestion, sinusitis and chronic rhinitis.
For obvious signs that characterize the fracture of the nasal septum, may be hiding a much more significant injuries, of which many are unaware.The resulting bounce can lead to nasal septal hematoma, which resulted in maybe melting cartilage - the consequences of its festering.There are cases when these injuries are associated with a fracture of the skull base, which sometimes leads to death.With all the symptoms of a fracture or suspected fracture of the nasal bone, requires qualified medical care and timely treatment.
Diagnostics fracture of the nose
Only a doctor can make the correct diagnosis and determine the nature of the injury.Taking into account all of the above symptoms, rhinoscopy is assigned to identify possible places of rupture of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity.X-rays will reveal the presence of bias (if any).In addition, computed tomography is needed to help examine in more detail all the possible destruction of the victims.Only after full and careful examination conclusions, and treat the injured.
treatment of fractures of the nasal bones
very important time and correct first aid.If possible, it is necessary in the first minutes after the injury, make cold in the nose.Such action will not develop severe swelling and possibly affect hemostasis.
No way, not allowed independent actions aimed at reduction of curved bones.This can lead to even more traumatic, deformation and pain shock.
treatment will be administered depending on the nature of the injury and the possible associated complications.
In case of no long-standing injury (up to 7 days), the doctor performs the installation offset portions of bone by hand, under local anesthesia.The nasal cavity is irrigated with painkillers, and the outside is introduced intradermal injection.Depending on the complexity of the injury and the qualifications of the doctor, sometimes enough movement 2-3 to straighten the bone in place.If there
ceasing bones, then lifting it using a special tool - the elevator.It is introduced into the nasal cavity and helps compare the violation of the integrity of the skeleton of the nose.
After restoring the displaced portions of three days in the nasal cavity are set swabs that support and pressed mapped bone.
When the swelling subsides, and it takes a long time, you may find that the shape of the nose is not perfect and there are obvious signs of its curvature.In this case, surgery - rhinoplasty.There could be a violation of the respiratory function.Then we conducted a complex operation - rhinoseptoplasty, helps restore nasal septum deviation and gives the opportunity to breathe freely.
reason for treatment in a medical facility to serve not only the obvious signs of a fracture of the nasal bone, and severe bruises.Since the trauma of the nose may be invisible at first glance, the consequences and be accompanied by complications, you should not treat it lightly.