In some cases, common cold at the wrong treatment or neglect leads to complications.We are talking about the disease etmoidit - inflammation of the back of the nose, the disease is bacterial or viral in nature.The causes of the disease is most often expressed in a variety of chronic diseases such as rhinitis, chronic inflammation of the frontal and maxillary sinuses.Or other diseases caused by bacteria streptococci and staphylococci, adenovirus and influenza viruses.
Risk factors for the disease etmoidit, increased against the background of infectious diseases, decreased immunity, the development of allergic rhinitis, injury to persons.The main symptoms of inflammation of the mucous back of the nose, is a regular headache, pain in the eye sockets and the root of the nose.Also, there may be nasal discharge various kinds - serous or purulent, decreased sensitivity to odors, weakness, fatigue, fever and nasal congestion.When inflammation of the internal parts of a trellised labyrinth there is pain in the
etmoidit is acute and chronic nature.Acute etmoidit develops mainly in people who are often exposed to the development of rhinitis or flu.Often, inflammation of the nasal cavity, the secondary cause mucosal lesions.The inflammatory process has a feature to quickly penetrate into the mucosa.This may occur swelling of mucosa, edema, thereby complicating the process of purification of the labyrinth and the deterioration of the quality of care.Severe complications etmoidita wearing acute is the destruction of parts of the walls of the bone lattice maze, as well as complications arise intracranial and intraorbital character - meningitis.
Chronic etmoidit arises from the acute form of the disease.Repeated inflammation of the back of the nose, on the background of a low protective function of the body - immunity, as well as wrong, ineffective or incomplete treatment.During exacerbation of chronic etmoidita having headaches, aching pain in the nose, nasal discharge and odor.When complications of chronic disease in the inner cells of a trellised labyrinth formed discharge may accumulate in the nose and throat and cause complications with expectoration.There is a disorder of olfactory functions of the nasopharynx.
Diagnosing the disease carries an otolaryngologist, a confirmation of the disease is an X-ray and imaging, inspection and relevant analyzes.Treatment etmoidita based on a number of procedures and the use of drugs.Before using drugs should be flushing after - use of nasal drops, the use of antibiotic agents, physiotherapy.Severe and complicated forms of the disease often require surgical intervention.
Improper treatment or lack of it leads to complications of various kinds.Trellised labyrinth is located near the brain, so the effects may contribute to the development of complications aimed at the brain (meningitis, encephalitis).
Often, the disease occurs in young children, including a newborn, and found a few hours after birth.Up to three years of age the disease is isolated in nature, as the frontal sinus is formed only after that age.The main symptoms in children - is pronounced cold, the deterioration observed swelling of the upper eyelid, which contributes to the total or partial closing of the eyes, the displacement of the eyeball.On palpation manifest pain in the upper jaw and nose, often accompanied by visual symptoms of vomiting, diarrhea.
Children over the age of adult symptoms infants and young children is reduced.There - swelling of the century, the nose, loss of smell.Etmoidit diagnosis in children was based on the X-ray and rhinoscopy.