Acute Pneumonia is an inflammation of certain areas of the lungs, involving both alveoli and bronchi.Focal pneumonia up to about 40% of all lung diseases.In most cases, pneumonia is associated with hypothermia.Acute focal pneumonia occurs as a separate disease and how the disease is a complication of the underlying disease - influenza, measles, stroke, bronchitis and others. Let's talk about the causes of acute pneumonia man!
causative agent of pneumonia is bacteria.
- acute focal,
usually in acute focal pneumonia affects the low back and the rear segments of the lungs.Starts acute pneumonia, the temperature rises to critical levels, a cough, initially dry, and after a while there mucous expectoration.The main symptoms - headache, chest pain, weakness.This period can last several days and is dependent on the age of the patient, on the agent and the time of treatment.The temperature gradually decreases, usually in the first 5 days.Patients noted small flushing lip
In acute pneumonia persistent symptoms are hard breathing and crackles.Crackles strictly localized, sonorous.In elderly patients the changes in the cardiovascular system may be tachycardia.In turn, an acute pneumonia is divided into several types, depending on the pathogen.Pneumococcal pneumonia occurs acutely, with fever.In the appointment of antibiotics causes of the disease and the temperature decreases rapidly.Complications of this type are pneumonia and pleurisy, empyema.
Staphylococcal pneumonia and its causes may be primary and secondary.Primary pneumonia is bronchogenic arises after suffering a flu or acute respiratory viral infections.There are always hot, accompanied by high fever, confusion, shortness of breath, coughing and chest pain.The disease occurs in humans with fever, purulent sputum, and intoxication.Usually there is only one-sided defeat.Haematogenous staphylococcal pneumonia is a manifestation of staphylococcal sepsis.First not found virtually no symptoms, then there is a strong chills, increased body temperature and sweating occurs.Which destroys the lung tissue, and purulent mass break into the pleural cavity.With this type of pneumonia deaths are about 70%.
usually viral and bacterial pneumonia Rights and its causes are due to transferred flu or measles adenovirus infection.As an independent disease practically does not occur.
With this type of pneumonia released sputum, expressed intoxication.Usually affects IX and X of the segments of the lower lobes of the lung.Streptococcal pneumonia most often occurs during epidemics of measles and flu.It is characterized by acute onset, high fever, chills and a cough.This type of pneumonia with characteristics similar to influenza.Signs of pneumonia appear after a few days of the flu, and proceed on his background.Human influenza pneumonia is pneumonia, which was caused by the influenza virus.It starts with the flu, acute.The fever lasts for up to 10 days, the temperature not lower than 38-39 C. In patients have a severe headache, pain in joints and muscles.Cough happens with the release of bloody sputum, indicating that the vascular lesions.Shortness of breath on exertion increases.When coughing may be vomiting.Heart sounds are muffled and rhythmic.This type of pneumonia is rare.
ornitoznoy pneumonia is acute, with symptoms of pharyngitis, the temperature can rise to 40 ° C.There is a strong fever, aches throughout the body, pain in the joints.Cough dry at first and then becomes wet.There may be signs of a herpes on the lips.The spleen and liver are enlarged.On the surface of the abdomen are pink spots.From the moment of infection, the illness lasts about 3 weeks.
adenovirus pneumonia characterized by lesions of the mucous membranes with their swelling, swollen lymph nodes near the root of the lung.Chronic pneumonia is one of the major diseases that are classified as chronic nonspecific lung diseases.Chronic pneumonia is a consequence not allowed to severe pneumonia and is - a chronic inflammation of infectious etiology that affects all elements of the bronchial tubes and lungs.The reasons that cause chronic pneumonia is an infection.In chronic pneumonia in the respiratory system is constantly present active microflora, which is observed in patients with acute pneumonia.Pathogens considered to be opportunistic germs that get into the upper respiratory tract.In the development of chronic pneumonia in recent years has increased the role of influenza.The virus reduces the overall immune reactivity rights and creates a favorable background for the manifestation of the pathogenic properties of microorganisms.