Rhinosinusitis inflammation of the nose and paranasal sinuses (sinusitis) - one of the most common diseases faced by general practitioners and Otorhinolaryngologists worldwide.The sinuses - air-filled cavities that are located in the head.They are responsible for the free passage of air and mucus in the nasal cavity.When an infection disrupts the natural outflow of mucus from the sinuses.Login sinus blocked mucosa swells and expands.The mucus accumulates and becomes an additional source of inflammation.Sometimes the disease is transferred especially hard.
Besides difficulties of nasal breathing, congestion, and runny nose with purulent yellow or green appear headaches and facial pain.On the morning of the symptoms are less pronounced, and in the evening increasing.The patient gets tired quickly, experiencing fatigue and sleep disturbance.Even a decline of smell, stuffy ears, and fever.
rhinosinusitis usually provokes a viral or microbial infection.The reason may also be the anatomical features of th
Traditionally rhinosinusitis used inflammatory, decongestants, broad-spectrum antibiotics and steroids.Hormonal agents promotes evacuation of the sinuses and avoid surgery.These medications can be sufficient for recovery.However, approximately one million patients a year, even several courses using modern tools do not help get rid of headaches and facial pain, nasal discharge.In this case, the only possible treatment puncture or special sinus puncture needle.Sometimes the infection reaches the hard sinuses - the frontal and sphenoid.Then they are washed with a vacuum system.
pus removed by a special catheter, creating a manageable (it is positive, negative) pressure.When this method does not bring the desired result, the operation can not be avoided.Today in most countries and in Russia perform functional endoscopic sinus microsurgery.The essence of the procedure, in a partial removal of soft tissue and bony structures in order to enhance the entrance to the sinus.Treatment of efficient, but often develop complications - postoperative pain, bleeding, scarring tissue.The latter often results in reoperation.Each surgical procedure performed under general anesthesia, the patient spends in the hospital for three to seven days.Because of the unpleasant consequences of many Russians refrain from operations and continue to live, regularly experiencing discomfort.
Foreign experts have developed an alternative to surgical intervention - balloon sinuplasty.New minimally invasive endoscopic technology recently used in Russia.To eliminate the blockade and restore sinus outflow tract mucus use thin and flexible balloon sinus catheter.The catheter is inserted into the nasal cavity, sinuses inside.Pressurized fluid is injected into it, whereby the catheter is inflated, as a ball without damaging the mucosa.The walls of the mouth of the sinus gently parted, the accumulated liquid is washed out and filled with freed sinus medication.
method is highly effective and clinically safe.It retains all the natural anatomical structures of the nasal cavity.This is its main advantage over surgery when the tissue portion is removed.Reduces the risk of inflammatory reactions and the formation of scar tissue.Balloon sinuplasty is performed under local anesthesia.It is important that after this procedure, the patient can go home the next day or even several hours.