name of the disease sinusitis, familiar to many firsthand.At its core, sinusitis is a type of disease called sinusitis.Under sinusitis involve inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, they were the same and related sinusitis.Sinusitis - an inflammation of the maxillary, called the maxillary sinus.Sinusitis causes and treatment of the disease depends primarily on their own whether the illness or even connected to it, and inflammation frontal sinuses, called sinusitis.Sinusitis treated much easier and faster if it occurs alone, alone.Do not forget, than an advanced stage disease, the worse it is treatable.In this article, we will tell it about the sinus, on the causes of the disease, its symptoms, treatment and prevention of this disease.
Sinusitis causes and treatment of the disease
First of all it is necessary to immediately divide sinusitis disease into two stages: acute and chronic.The cause of acute sinusitis, undoubtedly, is an infection entering the maxillary sinuses.These include colds, acute
untreated or not dolechenny sinusitis, as well as many of the disease becomes chronic, the so-called chronic sinusitis.Many patients are surprised when they are diagnosed with chronic sinusitis because the disease had been ill at least once in your life, you can mention the chronic form.In some cases, chronic sinusitis can result from other chronic diseases, such as chronic pharyngitis, chronic tonsillitis, chronic rhinitis or chronic laryngitis.In young children, often chronic sinusitis can be caused by adenoids.
mechanism of both acute and chronic sinusitis is reduced to one: there is a blockage of the outlet opening of the maxillary sinus, which leads to inflammation and congestion of the sinus and there is a large amount of pus.This often occurs at the time of acute respiratory infections when nasal mucosa is inflamed and swollen, badly separated mucous contents of the nose.
sinusitis disease spares neither adults nor children, so they can get sick at any age.As for the weather, the more often sinusitis get sick in the cold season, when the body is weakened, reduced immunity, and often suffer from colds.
sinusitis symptoms are often different from each other, depending on how you're sinusitis.For acute sinusitis characterized by some symptoms of chronic - others.
Symptoms of acute sinusitis
In the early days of the disease can not even suspect that a person has acute sinusitis, because basically, all the signs characteristic of acute respiratory infection.In the sick person the body temperature rises, mainly low-grade, but sometimes numbers can reach up to 39 degrees, chills, headache, malaise, nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing.Appears pain in front of the head, especially when it is tilted down, can be a pain in the face, in the course of the trigeminal nerve, extending to the teeth and eyes.Sometimes the redness of eyelids and eyes.
Symptoms of chronic sinusitis
for chronic sinusitis are characterized by slightly different symptoms.In this disease, they are less pronounced and have erased the clinical picture, because of this, most of the sick people do not pay attention at once, appeared on signs.But, nevertheless, for chronic sinusitis is inherent in a constant runny nose, patients often complain of persistent headaches, especially in the morning.In chronic sinusitis may hurt the eye sockets and nostrils.Disturbed sense of smell.
sinusitis Diagnosis of the disease, possible complications
an accurate and correct diagnosis for the ENT doctor is not too difficult.Medical history, clinical picture, examination of the nasal cavity and x-ray, help correct diagnosis and early treatment.Patients' refusal of treatment can lead to irreversible consequences in the form of meningitis and encephalitis.
sinusitis treatment should be necessarily complex.The treatment must include antibiotic therapy, restorative therapy, detoxification and anti-allergic treatment.Regularly wash the sinuses with salt solutions, thereby washing out the pus.In more advanced cases appointed maxillary sinusotomy - surgery.