Influenza enters our body through the nose.The virus protein shell wrapped in a microspikes, clinging to the nasal mucosa and starts "prokovyrivatsya" in the cells of the body.Therefore, one of the first flu symptoms - discomfort, burning sensation in the nose and talking non-medical language, snot.Let's talk on the topic of flu-like symptoms in humans.
inflammation of the nose naturally falls into the oropharynx, causing begins scratchy and sore throat.Normally, all these charms should disappear in a few days (with fever and malaise).But if the immune system let us down, inflammation may increase and spread to the surrounding area.The closest to the nose are located a variety of sinus.
In the vicinity of the nasal passages is the maxillary sinus.Anyone who suffered sinusitis, knows where she is, if it is inflamed, a person feels the gravity of the right and left of the nose, if you omit, and then looked up sharply - in sinus pain given.The nose is incorporated, it can be felt the constant putrid sm
«by eye" or inner feelings sinusitis is often confused with running rhinitis (ie common cold), with frontal sinusitis (inflammation of the frontal sinuses above the bridge of the nose) or other inflammation of the sinuses.To understand what exactly is inflamed, the doctor will send you for an X-ray of the skull.
At the word "sinusitis" in trembling citizens in the brain instantly lights Light "will make a puncture!" Indeed, the so-called "puncture" - is one of the treatments for sinusitis: a thick needle pierced cheek, a syringe pump out the pus.Fortunately, this treatment is gradually disappearing.Primarily for the treatment of sinusitis the doctor prescribes antibiotics.The second - physiotherapy: washing for Proettsu (or "cuckoo") - in the course of this procedure, a person in one nostril poured antiseptic solution, and the second "pull" it with the suction hose phonophoresis, laser and other warming.Pharyngitis - an inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa, which develops as a result of contracting influenza, as well as for other reasons (breathing through the mouth of cold air intake is very hot or cold foods, smoking, alcohol abuse).There are acute and chronic pharyngitis.The first is usually associated with diseases of the upper respiratory tract and occurs in catarrhal or purulent form.
hardware treatment sinusitis
so-called YAMIK catheter - a modern device for the treatment of sinusitis.He acts as follows: the nasopharynx installed a catheter that is inflated by the team doctor, blocking communication between the nose and pharynx.The patient continues to breathe through the mouth and nose creates a negative pressure that pulls from the sinuses where the accumulated pus.We can not say that it is a very pleasant procedure, but it does not go to any comparison with the "thrust".Once pus is removed from the sinuses, they poured antiseptic solution.According to doctors, such a procedure without a cry of horror withstand even small children.Perhaps, for the treatment of advanced forms of sinusitis may require several treatments with a short interval.
catarrhal form of acute inflammation is characterized by swelling and redness of the mucous membrane of the pharynx.Thus on the rear wall of mucus appears, as well as individual follicles (nodules of lymphatic tissue) as a red beans.A similar pattern is observed in purulent form of strep throat, it only adds to the presence of pus back of the throat and sores.
first patient feels dry and sore throat, but after a while these symptoms joins pain on swallowing.Another sign of acute pharyngitis - a dry cough, which can take the painful character.In addition, the patient feels a general malaise and has slightly increased temperature.In advanced cases, strep throat can become chronic.By the way, sometimes chronic pharyngitis is not associated with a cold and is one of the manifestations of gastrointestinal diseases such as gastritis.The clinical picture of chronic pharyngitis depends on the form of the disease.For example, in the form of bluetongue temperature increase and deterioration of the general condition is observed.As with the acute inflammatory process, the patient complains of a sore, dry throat, a little pain when swallowing and coughing.Hypertrophic form of chronic pharyngitis is characterized by accumulation of viscous mucus in the throat, and the appearance on the rear wall of the lymphoid tissue growths which swell and redden in the case of acute illness.This bothers the patient need to constantly cough and expectorant.
If the patient has strep throat or exacerbation of chronic process, it is necessary to observe bed rest prescribed by the doctor and sparing diet, eliminating sharp, hot and cold food.It is also important to refrain from smoking and drinking.Treatment includes plenty of warm drinks, gargling with antiseptic solution (eg, 2% aqueous solution of boric acid), infusions and decoctions of herbs, inhalations, regular lubrication of the mucous throat Lugol solution (iodine containing glycerol) and vegetable oil (peach,olive).If necessary, appointed antimicrobials.Prevention of the disease is primarily in the human body and the hardening dental health, in particular the treatment of dental patients.