Authority thyroid gland gets its name from the Greek words tireos - "Shield" and idos - "views."It is at the front of the neck.Thyroid gland consists of two lateral lobes and the isthmus.Breast tissue contains many small vesicles (follicles).Iodine accumulates in the follicle, which comes into contact with food and water.Let's talk about the human thyroid hormone.
thyroid gland influences almost all processes in the body: the development of the female breast, skin and hair, the ability to carry and give birth to a healthy baby.Under its control and the body's metabolism, metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates.Thyroid hormones affect sleep and appetite, physical activity, body weight, heart, nervous system and other internal organs.The work of the immune system also depends on the state of the thyroid gland.
main hormones produced by the thyroid gland - thyroxine and triiodothyronine.They are necessary for normal mental development of a person.With their lack of early child lags behind not on
autoimmune thyroiditis in humans
One common thyroid disease is autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT).He is considered a hereditary disease, as evidenced by the frequent occurrence of the disease in close relatives.Patients with autoimmune thyroiditis often suffer and other autoimmune diseases: diffuse toxic goiter, hair loss, vitiligo.
occurrence of disease may precede any influence: various infectious diseases, inflammation, less injury thyroid or thyroid surgery.Provoke the disease can be environmental degradation, lack of or excess of iodine, radioactive pollution, etc.. D. In the body produces antibodies against its own thyroid tissue, which leads to the gradual destruction of the body.At the beginning of the disease thyroid function is not impaired.Patients experiencing chronic fatigue and are in no hurry to see a doctor, which can significantly aggravate the disease.To put the diagnosis "autoimmune thyroiditis", to do ultrasound of thyroid blood test for thyroid hormones and antibodies to thyroid tissue.AIT is impossible to cure completely.But modern medicine make it possible for the body to maintain optimal hormonal levels.
so called decline of thyroid function.Its symptoms include lethargy, drowsiness, fatigue, loss of memory.Increased body weight, there may be swelling of the face and legs, the hair falls out, nails become brittle and dry skin, possible muscle pain.
There are changes in the cardiovascular system: blood pressure rises, slowing down the heart, there are pains in the heart, increases blood cholesterol levels.Anemia.Patients are freezing because of the breach of thermoregulation.Suffering and the gastrointestinal tract.In women of childbearing age are often irregular menstruation, there are problems with carrying a pregnancy develops infertility.
When thyroid hormones speed up the metabolic processes in the body, increased tissue oxygen consumption and energy metabolism.A person with hyperthyroidism feel the heat in the body, barely tolerate closeness and exposure to the sun, sweating heavily.There is rapid weight loss despite a strong appetite.In addition, the patient restless, excitable, his hands tremble, quickens the heartbeat (120 beats per minute or more), there is an arrhythmia, disturbed sleep.In men, reduced potency, and female menstrual cycle is disrupted.