Hygiene upper respiratory tract given a significant place in the ancient texts of Ayurveda - the traditional system of Indian Vedic medicine, documented 5000 years ago.Nasal irrigation, for example, is part of the teachings of yoga and is seen as a procedure that cleanses the body and organize your thoughts.In the western reality procedures for washing ear-nose-throat called "irrigation therapy".In order to better understand the purpose and mechanisms of this treatment, let us imagine the structure of our head.What is the procedure for washing the nose and throat?
nasal cavity and sinuses, and nasopharynx are covered with mucous membrane, which has a very important role in the life of the whole organism.It contains special cells that have special hairs, or cilia.These hairs create a so-called "run-out": such a mechanism provides the normal drainage of the sinuses - it displays the resulting slime.Normally, mucus is produced at us constantly, and its elimination, we almost do not notice.Once on the na
Sinusitis - a process that usually purulent.There he is due to edema.The ducts leading from the sinuses into the nasal cavity, closed swollen mucous in the sinuses and abscesses stagnant mucus.When mucus fills the bosom, the man begins to feel at this point discomfort and pain.This is, as a rule, diseases such as sinusitis or sinusitis - the first localized to the maxillary sinus (left and right of the nose), the second - in front (on the nose).Most often it combined with rhinitis, an inflammation of the nasopharynx and pharynx.Nasal congestion is complemented by a sore throat, both at rest and during swallowing, the feeling of rawness, foreign body sensation in the throat.All these symptoms are characterized by a viral infection.As the inflammation of the disease can spread below the pharynx - larynx.And then - hello, laryngitis!It is characterized by hoarseness and hoarseness - inflammation creeps up on the vocal cords.When it wins bundles voice for a time lost completely.
ear due to the nasopharynx by a small canal, called "auditory tube."This formation is necessary in order to balance the pressure on the eardrum from the outside and from the nasal cavity, which in turn allows free mobility of the membrane and normal hearing.Eustachian tube is also covered with a mucous membrane.When a person gets sick rhinitis, swelling can spread to the mouth of the auditory tube.It begins to close, and when it is closed, the middle ear loses its ability to draining - purification, moreover, the middle ear pressure and the atmospheric pressure are different.All this leads to the development of otitis media.They are more common in children because children's auditory tube rather short, broad, and therefore may fairly easy penetration of infection directly into the middle ear.
So, we understand that the root of all evils (the source of inflammation) - As a rule, the virus rooted in the nasal cavity.So the prevention of colds should start with washing the nose is.The purpose of this washing - remove plaque, excess mucus and pus from the surface of the mucosa.After all, these substances are an ideal environment for the growth of the virus.Furthermore, nasal lavage allows the best use of medicaments - sprays, drops, ointments.To the drug had an effect on the mucosa, it should be cleaned.If it is covered with mucus or pus, all of the drug gets on the allocation and together with them eventually evacuated.Keep in mind that with regular washing with a significant portion of microbes that feed on the surface of the mucosa, will be washed away.But there are intracellular microbes.To remove these antibiotics required and not rinsing.
easiest method and procedure to wash the nose - is to take a syringe or a conventional syringe (without the needle!), To introduce the tip into one nostril, lean over the sink, and under pressure to introduce the solution into the nose.If the airway is not compromised, the solution must pass through the nasal passages and flow out through the other nostril.Part of the solution may leak through the mouth, because part falls into the throat.This is the correct washing.Perhaps the first time everything will not look as elegant as described.But learning to relax, you can pour water into one nostril, and it will even pour a trickle of another.
How to wash?
Pharmacies today presented a large number of preparations for washing the upper respiratory tract.All these preparations contain isotonic solution - that is, sodium chloride (salt) at a concentration of 0.9%.This is one form of physiological saline, the osmotic pressure is equal to the osmotic pressure of human blood.Also in pharmacy formulations can be found based on sea water.Prepare a solution for washing can be in the home, half teaspoon dissolving common salt in a glass of water.If the drug will be too concentrated, you will feel it quickly: the mucosa is much pinching.Everyone has a threshold, so it does not suffer - make a new solution weaker.The temperature of any chosen solution for washing is desirable to be close to body temperature - 36.6 degrees.