Rhinitis is a common disease of the nose, which is characterized by common symptoms and the main ones - is discharge from the nose, shortness of nasal breathing, reduced sense of smell, burning and itching in the nose, formation of crusts, the sensation of unpleasant odors.
also may be accompanied by minor bleeding from the nose, the accumulation of thick mucus in the nose and throat and irritated at the same time the upper lip and nose wings, appears sleepy and snoring worsens.
There are different types of rhinitis, is a year-round, seasonal, allergic, catarrhal, vasomotor, specific, drug-induced, hypertrophic, atrophic and other species.
Furthermore, rhinitis is a common disorder of the nose has similar symptoms which can be caused by other diseases and nasal congestion, this adenoids, neoplasms, nasal polyps, chronic sinusitis and deformation of the nasal septum.
Consider a repetitive types of rhinitis, catarrh is the inflammation of the nasal mucosa, but not purulent, and the disease is caused b
main symptoms of catarrhal rhinitis, this reduction of smell, discharge from the nose, and shortness of nasal breathing.Treat this type of rhinitis antibacterial agents, used inhaled vaccine, as well as give to take anti-inflammatory drugs.
Allergic rhinitis, commonly associated with the fall of pollen or other substances that cause an allergic reaction of the nasal mucosa.
This type of rhinitis seen seasonally and can be a year-round, it goes, often with asthma, urticaria, allergic conjunctivitis and other allergic diseases.
Allergic rhinitis can result in the development of polyps and hypertrophy, and it manifests itself in the form of sneezing, watery eyes, clear watery discharge, redness of the skin of the nose, itching and tickling in the nose.
Rhinitis should not be considered harmless disease because it causes a disease of the nervous and cardiovascular systems.
Treat allergic rhinitis with antihistamines and nasal corticosteroids, but before that determine the sensitivity to the allergen as possible to apply the vaccination revealed an allergen, which protect against this allergen in the future, people will not be sensitive to this allergen.
Vasomotor rhinitis, mainly associated with inflammation and dysregulation of vascular tone, those who are under the mucosa of the lower nasal turbinates.
main symptoms when vasomotor rhinitis, is that when alternate nasal one half of the nose and nasal may appear in the supine position on the side on which the patient lies.
vasomotor rhinitis usually develops in people with a soldier's heart, especially in hypotensive, as well as in patients with asthenovegetative syndromes in endocrine diseases and often at a young age or preklimaktericheskom.
treated vasomotor rhinitis is difficult and there are many ways, but they all depend on the underlying pathology.Currently used vnutrirakovinnye blockade, surgical treatment, a laser fotodistruktsiya, vnutrirakovinnaya radioelektrokoogulyatsiya, ultrasonic disintegration, and submucosa vasotomy galvanokaustika.
This treatment is aimed at destruction of the submucosal vessels of the lower nasal turbinate, that does not give them the opportunity to grow.
Atrophic rhinitis manifests minor nosebleeds, change the sense of smell, feels dryness in the nasal cavity and thus appear dry crusts.
Atrophic rhinitis occurs due to lack of vitamins after operations in the nasal cavity, the disease is also linked to genetic factors, occupational hazard, it is the effect of different types of dust, work in hot, dry areas, as well as lack of iron-containing products.
Treatment of atrophic rhinitis begins with identifying a disease-causing factors, and then begin to be treated topically, with the use of drugs that enhance the regeneration and trophism of the mucous membranes, through which the reduced viscosity of the nasal mucus thus apply physiotherapy and biostimulants.Especially
often rhinitis medicamentosa may occur after administration of some drugs that lower blood pressure, and these include alcohol, neuroleptics and tranquillizers.
Medical rhinitis, can cause vasoconstrictor nose drops, especially in the elderly and those who suffer from cardiovascular diseases, as these drugs cause increased blood pressure and increased heart rate.
main type of medical treatment of rhinitis, is the abolition of drugs that cause rhinitis, as well as with a laser modeling of the nasal mucosa.All other forms of rhinitis are treated in this way, identify the cause and prescribe on the basis of the causes of disease.
Nevertheless, we should remember that rhinitis is a fairly common disease of the nose and inflammation of the nasal mucosa begins with hypothermia, when lowered immunity, the body weakens, which leads to swelling of the nasal mucosa, and mucus from the nose.
Thus, we can conclude that from rhinitis can be eliminated only in the case when a man hardened and is not afraid of hypothermia because the immune system protects him.
Good nutrition, exercise, an opportunity to strengthen the immune system, which makes it possible to deal with rhinitis and especially chronic diseases of various organs.