As you know, spring - the exacerbation of many chronic diseases, as well as colds and allergies.And with the appearance of nasal congestion you do not know what to think - whether developed sinusitis, or an allergy, or again somewhere proskvozilo.How to determine what was the cause of the common cold?Let's talk on the subject causes the common cold and nasal congestion.
It would seem, runny nose - a harmless phenomenon.But if he does not go for weeks, it is not only affects the well-being, but also degrades the quality of life in general.Stuffy, runny nose - if these symptoms become your constant companions, or appear punctually, doctors say chronic condition.That is just about what?What is the reason - an allergy to a new carpet in the office, the constant use of nasal sprays?Or, on the background of the primary rhinitis you develop sinusitis?To recognize the enemy, and you will cope with it.Under chronic rhinitis understand a number of different states of the nasal mucosa, and including allergic rhin
Allergic rhinitis is a chronic condition.It may be a seasonal or year-round.In the latter case, it will manifest as a chronic runny nose.His reasons may be different, including those caused by hereditary factors.Chronic allergic rhinitis often call "home" allergens: infectious origin, dust mites, mold fungi.The probability that your body will react to them, indirectly related to factors such as metabolic disorders, functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as the deformation of the nasal septum.A distinctive feature of allergic rhinitis is a frequent sneezing.Nasal discharge and nasal - watery and transparent.Breathe through your nose hard, and by nightfall the condition worsens.If untreated, symptoms can get worse with time.And it could add a cough, sore throat, skin irritation in the nostrils and above the upper lip, headache, nasal bleeding.Also, there are symptoms of conjunctivitis: eye lesions of the mucous.
Diagnosis and treatment
Chronic allergic rhinitis can accompany you all year round, but most likely in the spring of exacerbation.This is due to the fact that the spring in the air dramatically increases the amount of allergens - dust and pollen of flowering plants.Unlike bacterial and viral rhinitis, allergic rhinitis usually occurs without fever and toxic symptoms.In combat it is important prevention - patients should avoid areas with a high content of allergens, more frequent wet cleaning, limit contact with animals, to wash out the nasal cavity with saline.The next step - medication, which now includes the latest-generation antihistamines and highly effective group of drugs - intranasal corticosteroids hormone.
Sinusitis (a type of sinusitis) - an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, often complication of rhinitis or viral diseases such as influenza.Sinusitis develops when one of the acute illness persists for a long time or if they are repeated several times in 2-3 months.This can help, including the features of the structure of the nose, preventing the outflow of fluid from the sinuses.For sinusitis characterized by purulent nasal discharge, possible unpleasant smell (which sometimes feels himself sick), violation of smell, frequent headaches.Symptoms of chronic sinusitis may be so subtle as to be manifested in the form of a common cold, accompanied by periodic headaches, and pain in the eye sockets and blinking.The earlier the disease is diagnosed, the easier it is to treat and the prognosis is favorable.In severe cases the inflammation worse, can move his eyes and begin to manifest in the form of morning swelling of eyelids and conjunctivitis.
spring acute rhinitis as an independent symptom or a manifestation of a cold or flu occurs quite often.It develops on the background of hypothermia or that the nasal mucosa becomes infected, and usually goes unnoticed in just seven days.If rhinitis often bother you not only in the spring, while it does not take a conventional sprays, then the disease has become chronic.To win a rhinitis, it is necessary to determine which of its varieties you are persecuted, to find the cause and correct treatment.
catarrhal (simple) rhinitis
This rhinitis nasal mucosa swelling occurs because of irregularities in her blood circulation.The main cause of chronic catarrhal rhinitis is a constantly recurring acute rhinitis.In this form of rhinitis symptoms are less pronounced.They are similar to the symptoms of the common cold, only a protracted time.The main ones are - difficulty breathing and nasal discharge, which intensified when a person is out in the cold, and can be practically absent in fine weather.Diagnosis and treatment.In this case, it is important to be tested to find out whether the nasal sinuses result of his illness, that is sinusitis.Treatment usually medication (ointment, drops, washing with salt solutions) plus physiotherapy.