used to treat rhinitis antibacterial and antiviral agents, bacterial vaccines, herbal preparations, preparations of combined effect, to facilitate nasal breathing - vasoconstrictors and as adjuncts - moisturizers.What should be the treatment of the common cold and nasal rhinitis?
nose drops are divided into several groups.And they must be properly used.Vasoconstrictor drops - it is well known Naphthyzinum, galazolin, Sanorin and the like.They are used to treat runny nose, which in common parlance is called the common cold.They should be used when conventional means (nasal saline lavage, inhalation, massage nose) does not make it easier to breathe.With these drops, you can quickly remove the swelling of the mucous membrane and to restore free nasal breathing.These drugs are often used as part of treatment for inflammation of the sinuses (sinusitis) and acute inflammation of the middle ear (otitis).However, they can be used no more than 10 days, as long-term use of vasoconstrictive drops can cause paraly
Many manufactured ear drops are positioned as a tool for the ears and the nose (and sometimes even to the eye at the same time).For the most part, of course, this applies to antibacterial and antiseptic, painkillers and hormonal preparations.The drug "first aid" with otitis is, for example, all known boric acid in an alcohol solution.Other best-known vehicles - Otium, Sofradeks, otipaks.As a means for a good discharge of pathological departments have recently become very popular drugs from sea water with a high concentration of various salts.It should be remembered that in the ears drip should only be heated to 37 ° C treatment solution, or may result in irritation cold inner ear and even reflex of the meninges, which can occur dizziness, convulsions and even fainting.
should be said about the preparations for the throat.In this case, it is not about the drops, and the various rinses and sprays, and not just for the throat, but for the whole of the oral cavity.The most commonly used antiseptic preparations, including definition of a leader is Lugol's solution (in the form of a spray).According to physicians, with gargling most important point - do not impact antiseptic or biological effect of antibiotics, but rather mechanical cleaning.Therefore, even not as important to choose a spray or rinse, as the frequency and intensity of the rinse.With good intensity may be useful even regular bottled water.However, the microbial flora is very corrosive and quite effective antiseptics, of course, required.The most popular among these sprays and rapidly soluble in the oral cavity of the tablet, due to the convenience of their use.Here the greatest demand is for miramistin, dekatilen, orasept, stopangin, Strepsils, Falimint and others.As a means to mitigate the mucous membranes, and as a decongestant and protivovespalitelnoe still popular spray ingalipt.With anti-purpose and used a wide range of herbal preparations in tinctures, infusions and decoctions - calendula, chamomile, and so on. D. These tools are used not only for throat problems, but also with gingivitis, periodontitis, stomatitis, and so on. D., Andfor various injuries to prevent infection (for example, bit his tongue).In general, runny nose (rhinitis) is an acute or chronic inflammation of the nasal mucosa.Manifestations of rhinitis, which in one way or another affects millions of people, can be different - both in their characteristic features and effects.
Acute infectious rhinitis
Generally, this disease is a consequence of bacterial and viral infections (ARI): influenza, scarlet fever, diphtheria, and so on. D. In this case, to distinguish between three stages of acute rhinitis.
1. Dry stage.It can last from several hours to 2 days.Symptoms: dryness, itching, stuffy nose, frequent sneezing, headache and malaise.
2. Wet stage.Breathing seriously hampered, there are abundant nasal discharge, and even change the timbre of the voice.
3. Suppuration.Discharge becomes mucopurulent, and in case of damage of small vessels - bloody.If you do not see a doctor, the inflammation can spread to other parts of the respiratory tract.
According to medical statistics, acute rhinitis often leads to contamination, the mucosa of the paranasal sinuses, nasolacrimal duct, auditory (eustachian) tube, pharynx, larynx, and in particular the lower respiratory tract and the subsequent development of otitis media, sinusitis and other illnesses.
Treatment of acute rhinitis
When the first symptoms of acute rhinitis are very effective hot foot bath and tea with raspberries and soluble aspirin.However, in order to facilitate breathing, nose buried vasoconstrictor drugs (Naphthyzinum, galazolin, Sanorin and so on. D.).From traditional folk remedies usually help normalize breathing aloe, kalanchoe, onions and garlic.