Acute inflammation of the middle ear, or otitis media, in which the affected eardrum, and there are severe pain in the ear.In medical practice, distinguish between two basic forms of otitis media: catarrhal and purulent.At first, bluetongue, sometimes use the term "acute catarrh of the middle ear."Acute otitis media caused by ingestion of the pathogen most often coccal flora - streptococcus, in the tympanum under impaired immunological reactivity.The most common route of infection via the Eustachian tube.Acute otitis media in some cases when there is ostrovospalitelnyh phenomena in the nose and throat: in acute rhinitis, nasopharyngitis, influenza, measles, diphtheria and scarlet fever.One of the highlights is the predisposing and chronic processes in the nose and throat: chronic rhinitis, adenoid razrascheniya and other state body.However, acute otitis media may be caused by other reasons, which include excessive nose blowing your nose, nasal lavage careless, prolonged nasal tamponade in spontaneous bl
Acute otitis media occurs in newborn infants, when the tympanum enter the amniotic fluid during labor and that it contains embryonic myxoid tissue.In infancy kids acute otitis media can occur when part of the state on the back and regurgitation of food.
with otitis, both adults and children, the disease manifests itself as an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the tympanic cavity.In some cases there is a defeat of the deeper layers - the periosteum and the bone wall of the tympanic cavity or ear bones.In exceptional cases, there is tissue necrosis.
The etiology of the disease plays an important role of microbes drift hematogenous route.This occurs after a trauma or ear former hereinbefore purulent process.In these cases, the infection penetrates through the external auditory meatus.
Symptoms of acute otitis media
main symptoms of the disease are as follows: a patient person there is pain in the ear of a particular intensity, hearing loss, a feeling of fullness or stuffiness in your ear.Body temperature begins to rise, at what it can be like a low grade and reach critical.When otitis may appear minor signs of the disease: a sense of pulse in the ear, ringing in the ear, often observed phenomenon of intoxication of the whole organism.
In infants with acute otitis media observed deterioration of general condition, sometimes a significant increase in body temperature, periodic cry of pain in the ear, restless sleep, a violation of breastfeeding or a bottle of milk.Exerting pressure on the tragus is the cry of a child by increasing the air pressure in the ear canal.
diagnosis of acute otitis media
When viewed in adults and in children, in the initial period is established the presence of vascular injection of the tympanic membrane and bone department of the external auditory canal.Later joined by hyperemia.When congestion in the tympanic cavity exudate often observed bulging of the tympanic membrane, in this stage of disease is reduced fever and often pain passes.
duration of the disease depends on the extent and neglect, and can last from several days to several weeks.Forecast favorable in most cases, however, are often neglected in situations complications can occur - the emergence of acute mastoiditis, otogennyh sepsis, labyrinthitis and facial paralysis.
Treatment of acute otitis media
Patients with this diagnosis is shown to bed.Specialist, after the final installation of the diagnosis appoint antibiotics, sulfa drugs according to the general health rules.It is recommended that the heat on the ear as a compress, or exposure lamp solux Minin, ultraviolet radiation therapy UHF currents.In addition, they prescribe anti-inflammatory drops into the ear canal of the ear.
prevention of acute otitis media
main method of prevention is to prohibit the presence of blowing your nose ostrovospalitelnyh phenomena in the upper respiratory tract and generally common in acute infections.Eliminating chronic processes in the nose and throat.
Along with the official medicine, many cases of acute otitis media, use and treatment of folk remedies.However, it is worth recalling that acute otitis media - it is a heavy and serious disease that should be treated under the strict supervision of a specialist and always with the use of antibiotic therapy.A traditional medicine can only be used as a complementary treatment.
Folk treatment of acute otitis media
Lard helps fight purulent otitis.It is popularly recommended as a hot compress.Cut into thin strips of fresh unsalted bacon piece and attach it to the back side, from the hair to the patient's ear.Top cover with polyethylene, cotton and fix plaster.Such a compress of fat helps to get rid of acute inflammation of the middle ear.
Onions, peel and cut into slices.One small slice of onion put in his ear.In no case did not push inside, just leave a hole near the hearing.Cover the top with a piece of cotton wool and leave for several hours.After this procedure, the pain will subside.
Inside, purulent otitis, it is advisable to take anti-inflammatory herbs such as calendula flowers, chamomile, a series of tripartite.They can be taken separately, and can make a medicinal collection.Take a decoction of need half a cup 3-4 times a day.