attack of asthma in humans is manifested wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and difficulty exhaling.Often, patients take a specific position: sit down, resting on his hands;the face of the patient in this case may blush, in the neck may swell veins.Sometimes wheezing can be heard in the distance.Usually attacks occur in people who have previously they were.But there may appear the first time.
If a person has never had such states, immediately call the "fast" or find a doctor.If communication with an allergy attack is obvious, give the man any antihistamine, preferably the last generation - Telfast, zirtek.Claritin is less effective.
If a person has previously had attacks of asthma, it is usually, he knows his diagnosis and is carrying an inhaler.Allow the patient to inhale one or two doses of salbutamol (Ventolin, beroteka).Antihistamines in that case is not necessary.Give the patient a tablet aminophylline.If drugs are not near, give the patient semi-sitting position, lower legs and place in a
Status asthmaticus - a condition where the inhalers (salbutamol, Ventolin, berotek) during an attack of asthma are not effective: the body as it "blocks" them.Status asthmaticus occurs when uncontrolled use of inhalers, as well as in severe disease.Despite the first-aid measures, the condition of patients worsens, coughing and shortness of breath worse.The lips may become blue.Light at asthmatic status clogged with mucus viscous and virtually stop working.Condition requires urgent medical intervention.
necessary first aid:
If you see that the inhalers have ceased to operate on the patient and that it only got worse from them, the more he did not let them.Immediately call a doctor.Antihistamines, particularly first generation (tavegil, suprastin, diphenhydramine), also do not need to give as quick action, they still will not have, but afterwards can harm: the mucus in the bronchi becomes more viscous and harder to be patient and clear the lungs get rid of it.
Give the patient or eufillin teopek.If you are away from the city and next to no doctors - to hurt intramuscular injection of hormonal drugs (prednisone, dexamethasone or hydrocortisone).Adult usually requires not one, but two ampoules.Do not be afraid of the word "hormone".If a person suffering from bronchial asthma, choking on your eyes is blue and is in serious condition - is the best way to help him.After injection, immediately look for any associated transport as soon as possible Bring the patient to the nearest medical facility.