most common cause of childhood injuries in the winter - fall.Kids who are poorly developed motor coordination can plop and slippery because of ice path, and falling off the sled or snow-cats, riding a roller coaster.Fortunately, in most cases, such cases do without serious consequences.After the bones and ligaments at the crumbs contain a lot of water and organic compounds, making them more flexible and resilient than adults.In addition, the small size and light weight toddler along with a decent layer of fat reduce the force of impact in the fall and soften it.For this reason, most babies are bruises, sprains and dislocations of the extremities;fractures are less common and occur without displacement of bone debris.Open fractures are also very rare.Let's talk about the causes of childhood injuries in the winter.
most common childhood trauma in the winter - a bruise that is soft tissue damage from a blow or a fall without damaging the integrity of the skin.It would seem that the damage is very slight,
If a child can easily move bruised arm or leg, then ligaments, joints and bones are intact.Attach to bruise 15-20 minutes of ice compress - ice or "snow", wrapped in a clean cloth or a clean handkerchief.You can also substitute the injured spot under a stream of cold water.This measure will reduce the pain and inflammation.If not, take a brief pause, and apply a cold compress again.Note: cold only helps during the first 48 hours after receipt of childhood trauma.
Later, on the contrary, it is necessary to resort to the help of heat.In place of the injury and recommended to be razodevayuschuyu analgesic ointment.Please note that such ointment is forbidden to put on open wound.Swelling and in any case can not be rubbed or massaged.Such actions can lead to blockage of the vein blood clots.When the pain will pass to the bruise has resolved more quickly, draw on it iodine mesh.On the improvement of the color signal a hematoma: it becomes of a greenish purple and then yellow.It usually takes several days.When a bruised place, such as the tibia is the bone, along with a black lump appears.If a pipsqueak complains of severe pain, show it to the surgeon to avoid fracture.If the lump is not of great concern delivers, treated her as well as bruises.The swelling will subside in 2-3 days, the bruise on her spot will show off much longer.
Another "popular" kids from winter injury - sprain.This term denotes damage to articular ligaments that hold the bones in the joints.Children under 3 years old often get ankle sprain, when the awkward movements of the foot are folded inside.At first, the baby feels a sharp pain, which gradually subsides.Then, on the outer surface of the damaged joint swelling occurs, painful to the touch, sometimes in this place the skin becomes bluish tint.
Move injured limb can be, but the movements are causing suffering.Typically, stretching is treated at home.To immobilize the joint and prevent tendon rupture, the damaged area retaining a pressure bandage is applied.Remove the cold compress will help the swelling.After first aid, it is desirable to show the child's surgeon or traumatologist, as sometimes happens with a sprained sprain.If after medical examination diagnosed with "tension" is confirmed, the doctor will recommend creams and gels.On recovery may require 1-2 weeks.The main thing at this time - keep the injured limb and give it a chance to recover.
While bones and joints in young children are more flexible than adults, the crumbs are not so rarely occur and dislocations.That term refers to the displacement of the two bones in the joints when they are no longer in contact with each other.The most common childhood trauma from the category of dislocation in children 2-3 years old in the winter - a subluxation of the radial head in the elbow joint.After 3 years of such injuries are rare.And for children older than 6 years has not found.Imagine an idyllic picture: a pipsqueak paces near my mother, holding her hand.
suddenly slipped and begins to fall.To support him, my mother abruptly pulls up the toddler's hand.As a result, the joint moves.The reason for that - the soft cartilage and untrained, weak muscles, and the most common relaxation during a pleasant winter walk.Typically, a cry of pain from the sudden drop in adults and is credited with badly bruised.Herein lies another danger.