Factors such as living in rural areas and breastfeeding, reduce the possibility of disease rhinitis.Our theme on which we are going to talk to you is allergic rhinitis in a human body.
There are three main forms of allergic rhinitis:
1) of the season - the most common associated with a particular time of year when the air is full of pollen spores of fungi;
2) year-round - that bothers all year with periodic exacerbations;
3) professional (specific) rhinitis - is often determined in patients suffering from occupational asthma when logged rhinitis flow communication with the factor of professional activity.
Contributing seasonal rhinitis in the human body and the allergen is pollen of trees, grasses and other plants.Open season flowering trees, depending on the species and climate.In late spring and early summer bloom cereals.Other herbs Flowering lasts from spring to fall.Receipt of mold spores also has a seasonal character.For non-seasonal allergens that cause allergic rhinitis include mikrokles
In some professions activities involve contact with an allergen in the body involved in the development of allergic rhinitis.For example, a carpenter is in contact with an allergen of some varieties of timber trees, a house painter, coloring using spray - to allergen izotsiantov, employees who have contact with plastics and resins - with the allergen angidotidov, bakers - flour, finally, health workers - with latex.
Allergic rhinitis is characterized by vasomotor rhinitis.Vasomotor rhinitis - is idiomatic or non-allergic rhinitis, which has a seasonal character.It appears swelling of the nasal mucosa (nasal breathing difficulty), and the release of large amounts of mucus.There vasomotor rhinitis due to contact with sharp unpleasant odor, change in temperature and humidity of the ambient air, drinking, emotional stress, bright lights, and so on. D. It differs from perennial allergic rhinitis lack laboratory evidence indicative of an allergic nature of the disease.
Nasal polyps are pale translucent education, consisting of cells and mucus, and are located in the middle nasal passage.They are mobile, diagnosed by rhinoscopy.There is currently no scientific evidence that allergic rhinitis predisposes to their education.But noted that polyps are more common in people who do not have allergies.Many people who suffer from allergic rhinitis, mistakenly believe that they are suffering a cold spring, manifested cold.Meanwhile, if you carefully analyze the common cold, it can be seen that the link with a particular season is not as evident in seasonal rhinitis or perennial allergic rhinitis exacerbations.
Here are symptoms that say you have allergic rhinitis: a runny nose with clear watery discharge, nasal obstruction, sneezing, congestion of secretions in the back of the throat, burning and watery eyes (allergic conjunctivitis), itchy nose, earsand throat.Half of those with allergic rhinitis, there is a "delayed reaction", usually in the form of nasal congestion, which is manifested after 3-10 hours after exposure to the allergen.
Sometimes allergic rhinitis affects the appearance of the patient.Especially in children and adolescents.In the course of the disease they may change the features and facial expressions and be new unusual gestures.In particular, due to the obstruction of the nose and possibly a discharge from most allergy sufferers scratching or wipe the tip of his nose with his hand, because of the blockage of subcutaneous blood vessels under the eyes appear dark circles (bruises);when during the course of allergic rhinitis can be formed adenoid face - the patient looks tired and dejected;because of frequent wiping nose allergies (especially in children) wrinkles on the nose;Finally, due to the constant stuffy nose allergies breathes mouth that eventually comes to bending the palate, raising the upper lip and malocclusion (it's one of the reasons that adolescents with allergic rhinitis, get to a dentist-orthopedist for occlusion).
As a result of prolonged use of vasoconstrictors in the form of a spray appears rhinitis medicamentosa.These rapidly developing addictive, usually increases the patient dose, which results in redness and swelling of the nasal passages.This condition is diagnosed by a rhinoscopy and requires urgent - the abolition of vasopressors and destination topical corticosteroids.
Rhinitis may be a manifestation of other non-allergic diseases: viral diseases, such as acute respiratory infections;women - when taking contraceptive drugs before ovulation and during pregnancy;with a strong emotional experiences;as a result of rapid temperature change (for example, a strong gust of warm or cold air);when exposed to bright light;inhaled irritants such as tobacco smoke, perfume smells, colors, newsprint, exhaust gases and solvents, and more.et al. Rhinitis can occur when taking certain medications (drugs that lower blood pressure, aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs (cocaine).