Meniere's disease of the inner ear called the defeat, followed by the loss of orientation in the patient.As far as Meniere's disease or a disorder of the inner ear is dangerous to human health, what are its symptoms and whether you can live a full life with this disease?
Thus, Meniere's disease is a complex disease, involving not only damage the inner ear, and disorientation, which causes the pressure accumulated in the cavity of the inner ear fluid.
first disease of the inner ear has described the French physician Prosper Meniere.It happened in the XIX century.However, since doctors have not managed to ascertain the causes of the disease.It is believed that Meniere's disease provoked birth defects of the cochlear and vestibular apparatus.
There are some other causes of the disease:
• head injury and ears;
• inflammatory processes affecting the inner ear;
symptoms of Meniere's disease
The disease of the inner ear characterized by the so-called symptomatic triad
Another symptom of Meniere's disease - tinnitus - significantly enhanced before starting bouts of illness.When the peak passes, the noise is reduced.
Finally, patients often complain of vertigo accompanied by nausea, vomiting, impaired balance.In addition, in Meniere's disease may experience increases and decreases in blood pressure, sweating, pale skin.
When patient records all these symptoms, combined with hearing loss, doctors diagnose Meniere's disease.If the results of the inspection show that these symptoms are not accompanied by hearing loss, it is a question of Meniere's syndrome, rather than the disease.
Setting correct diagnosis also requires the elimination of certain diseases that have similar symptoms, such as otosclerosis, otitis, etc. evstahiita
Vertigo patients are usually triggered by mental or physical fatigue, stress, harsh irritants, such as bright flashes of light or a strong odor.But the attacks of vertigo often begins without any apparent reason, and sometimes in a dream.They can be repeated several times a week, or a month, and can be confusing for the patient once every few years.Their length also varies from several minutes to several days.The average duration of attacks - 2-8 hours.
Treatment of Meniere's disease
Unfortunately, this disease of the inner ear is still incurable.Therapies designed to help alleviate the disease, and reduce the amount of force it attacks.
Drug treatment of Meniere's disease is carried out using antipsychotics, antihistamines and vasodilators.Sometimes patients prescribed antiemetics, sedatives to calm the inner ear, diuretics, which can prevent the accumulation of fluid in the inner ear.
In order to prevent or slow the progression of the disease are advised to take restorative drugs and perform special exercises to maintain the vestibular apparatus.
Despite the fact that Meniere's disease is not a threat to human life, it may significantly degrade its quality.To live a full life helping the sick modern means of treatment.However, there is still a number of restrictions in the labor market.People with this disease are prohibited and work at height activities requiring hearing acuity.