endometrial cyst - a disease which occurs in 20% of women of reproductive age.The reasons that contribute to the development of the disease, very much.However, symptoms of the disease, as there are none, so it is impossible to identify it yourself.Found an ovarian cyst, usually accidentally, by ultrasound.That is why it is so important for women, as often as possible to carry out routine gynecological examination, at least once every six months.
What contributes to endometrial cyst?Each menstrual cycle matures and then rejected with the menstrual discharge inner lining of the uterus, or endometrium.Cutting during menstruation, the uterus resets menstrual blood on the fallopian tubes into the abdominal cavity.This is a normal physiological phenomenon.Sometimes the endometrial cells are deposited on the outside of the female reproductive organs and take root there, hitting the fallopian tubes, vagina, peritoneum, intestines, etc.What reason is settling and ingrowth of the endometrium has not yet been elu
endometrial cyst yaichika is a benign tumor, which under certain conditions can be transformed into malignant.Endometrial cyst, expanding and increasing in size, putting pressure on the ureter.If you tighten the treatment of the disease, can suffer urinary organs of the excretory system.One of the main symptoms of endometriosis cyst is a nagging pain in the abdomen, which increases before menstruation.Endometrial cyst is often accompanied by disruption of the pelvic organs: the intestines and bladder.There are cystitis, constipation and other disorders.It may also be an increase in body temperature.He has been a violation of the menstrual cycle lengthening or shortening of the interval between periods, heavy or scant of bleeding.If the cyst increases in size, growing, then there may be an asymmetrical increase in the abdomen.The disease can be complicated by suppuration and rupture of the cyst or torsion of her legs.
symptoms that accompany a complication:
- sudden, sharp pain in the abdomen;
- nausea and vomiting;
- heart palpitations;
- the temperature rise;
- tension of the abdominal wall.
provoke complications of endometrial cysts can overexertion, lifting weights, or sexual intercourse.The main problem, which can cause endometrial cyst is infertility.
For the detection of the disease, as well as determining the degree of complications of endometrial ovarian cysts using the following methods: ultrasound;puncture the posterior fornix of the vagina;laparoscopy, which is used for complications of the disease with the purpose of diagnosis and implementation of surgery to remove endometrial ovarian cyst;computed tomography;Analysis of tumor markers-antigens;general analysis of blood and urine, as well as a pregnancy test.
methods of treating a disease prescribed by the doctor based on the survey of either medication or surgery to remove endometriosis, ovarian cysts.Patients who did not help drug treatment for three menstrual cycles required surgery.
modern operative method, which aims to eliminate endometrial cyst is the laparoscopy.Through transactions that are carried out using this method fails to maintain the reproductive organs of women and increase the chance of the emergence of a healthy pregnancy and birth.
What is laparoscopy?This surgery, surgery that is performed through the notch 3-4 on the abdomen under general anesthesia, using special equipment, endoscopes and surgical instruments.
through an incision in the navel into the abdominal cavity of the needle is introduced to fill the abdominal cavity with carbon dioxide.This event is to increase the free space in the abdominal cavity and to facilitate the manipulation of instruments.After entering the trocar through which establish a miniature video camera.The remaining trocars are introduced into small five-millimeter incisions in the suprapubic area.Through them, we will continue to conduct operations by a miniature set in them (from 1.5 to 4.5 mm in diameter) tools, a laser, scissors etc.The image of the damaged organ increases in size, allowing the surgeon jewelry can perform actions aimed at the removal of the cyst, with minimal blood loss and damage to the genitals.
operational advantages of this method are that:
- Laparoscopy is a gentle method for the patient;
- cuts that are being made for surgery are cosmetic appearance;
- recovery after the operation takes place in a shorter time;
- women's reproductive function after laparoscopic surgery above;
- possibly saving reproductive organs;
- reduces the risk of adhesions after surgery.
postoperative patients with endometrial cysts appointed complex pathogenetic therapy, immune therapy and systemic enzyme.Operated patients is necessary to observe the regime of work and rest and is often observed at the doctor gynecologist.