What are the symptoms of acute laryngitis?How to protect yourself and your family from this disease?The answers to these questions can be found in this article.Acute laryngitis human disease - an inflammation of the vocal cords caused by irritation, congestion or infection.
Inside our larynx the vocal cords are located.They represent two folds in mucosa that covers the muscles and joints.In a healthy person cords open and close smoothly enough, thanks to the vibration and movement of sounds occur.And with the development of laryngitis the vocal cords become inflamed or starts to irritate, formed swelling.They distort the sounds produced by the air that passes through the vocal cords.As a consequence, the voice of a sick person becomes hoarse, and sometimes disappears altogether.
This disease can be acute or chronic.Generally, laryngitis triggered by viral infections or overexertion of the vocal cords.On the more serious problems may indicate persistent hoarseness.
Symptoms of laryngitis
laryngitis Symptoms usually last no more than two weeks, and causes the common cold.Acute laryngitis is characterized by:
• hoarseness or loss of voice;
• sore throat;
• pain, tickling sensation, dryness in the throat;
• dry cough.
When to see a doctor
Consultation is required with prolonged sore throat, more than two weeks.
Medical help is required immediately at:
• appearance whistling sound while inhaling;
• trouble swallowing;
• difficulty breathing;
• body temperature above 39 degrees.
Similar symptoms may indicate and catarrhal croup, an inflammation of the larynx and airway below it.As a rule, catarrhal croup treated at home, but with severe symptoms requiring medical care.
Causes of acute and chronic laryngitis
The most common laryngitis is temporary, relief to the patient occurs after removing the cause of the disease.Acute laryngitis is the result:
• viral infections caused by the common cold;
• excessive voltage to vote;
• certain viral diseases, such as mumps or measles;
• a range of bacterial infections, such as diphtheria.
If human disease lasts more than three weeks, we speak of chronic laryngitis.Usually, it provokes a long-term irritation of the larynx and vocal cords.As a result of chronic laryngitis may occur strain injury, growths on the vocal cords.These lesions are formed due to:
• inhaled irritants (chemical gases, smoke, allergens);
• heartburn (gastroesophageal reflux disease);
• chronic sinusitis;
• DC vocal cords (such as teachers, singers);
• excessive use of alcohol;
Less common causes of chronic laryngitis include:
• fungal infections;
• bacterial infections;
• parasitic infection.
Risk factors for laryngitis:
• respiratory infections, such as bronchitis, colds, sinusitis;
• the effect of irritating substances,
• alcohol abuse;
• inhalation of chemicals in hazardous industries;
• overstrain of vocal cords.
The disease is most often seen human voice hoarseness.Voice varies depending on the degree of irritation or infection.The patient may have a slight hoarseness or complete loss of voice.
diagnose laryngitis in the following ways:
• Laryngoscopy.This visual examination using tiny mirrors and light, as well as an endoscope that is flexible thin tube with a tiny camera.Using the endoscope, the doctor monitors the patient's vocal cords at a time when he speaks.
• biopsy.Upon detection of suspicious areas on the mucous throat specialist may prescribe a biopsy, that is to take samples of tissue for examination under the microscope.
treatment of the disease
Acute laryngitis is caused by a virus, usually only requires treatment of the underlying disease.
If dysphonia, or disorder of phonation, is a long, consult ENT doctor.When the symptoms are functional dysphonia, in other words, when a person tone of voice during the day varies, it shows that the work of the vocal cords is more intense than the rest, which requires cords.
Drug treatment of laryngitis include:
• Antibiotics.In many cases, antibiotics are ineffective in the treatment of laryngitis, since the cause of this disease is usually a viral infection.However, with the defeat of bacterial infection doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
• corticosteroids.These drugs are used to reduce inflammation of the vocal cords.But use them only when absolutely necessary, for example, if a person must use his voice to speak to an audience, or sing, or if the patient is a child, and he had laryngitis associated with the disease catarrhal croup.
To prevent dryness and irritation of the vocal cords, experts recommend to follow some simple rules:
• not to smoke and protect yourself from secondhand smoke, as smoke is very annoying cords and dries the throat;
• drink more water;
• avoid infection upper respiratory tract infections, and for this it is necessary to frequently wash their hands, not in contact with people suffering from the common cold, SARS, influenza.