Laryngeal edema is not an independent disease.This is only a symptom, whistleblower in the human body.Usually, the appearance of laryngeal edema observed in men aged 18-35 years, but sometimes it suffer from the elderly and children.What are the causes of laryngeal edema and how to defeat this disease?
Laryngeal edema may be non-inflammatory and inflammatory in nature.Often the causes of edema are to mechanical damage of the larynx.This occurs when the foreign body or during surgery.In children, the appearance of laryngeal edema may be associated with the use of even too hot food.
The causes of edema are often associated with radiotherapy or X-ray examinations of which are located in the neck.
In addition, the occurrence of laryngeal edema can be provoked by:
• purulent processes of the cervical, throat and peripharyngeal space in the bottom of the soft tissues of the mouth, on the tongue and tonsils;
• chronic infectious diseases such as tuberculosis or syphilis;
• acute infections, such as
• inflammation in the cartilage of the larynx or perichondrium.
Causes of non-inflammatory edema are most often associated with:
• diseases of the cardiovascular system;
• local blood circulation, resulting from compression of the lymphatic vessels and veins;
• kidney disease;
• hypersensitivity to certain food and medicine;
Signs of laryngeal edema
In some cases narrowing of the larynx is very fast.This can occur under the influence of a foreign body in the throat or in spasm.And sometimes the process against the background of certain chronic diseases takes a long time.Its severity depends on the speed of development of symptoms and the degree of narrowing of the larynx.
If laryngeal edema people usually complain of pain in the throat, in the presence of a foreign body.Sometimes they change the voice, there is hoarseness.
In addition, edema of the larynx breathing difficult.First, the patient becomes difficult to breathe in the air, and then inhale, and exhale.Sometimes there are acute stenosis, that cause life-threatening asthma.
How to diagnose laryngeal edema?
diagnosis of laryngeal edema often do not present any difficulties.To identify this symptom, the doctor is sufficient to carry out a study Laryngoscope.In some cases, it requires radiological, bronchoscopic and other methods of examination.
But to identify the causes of laryngeal edema is not so simple.Sometimes laryngeal edema cover small tumors or any foreign body in the throat.
How to treat laryngeal edema?
Given the severity of the disease and assess the potential risks, the doctor prescribes a conservative or surgical treatment of the patient.
Drug treatment is based on:
• Injecting a broad-spectrum antibiotics, most often - penicillin, macrolide or cephalosporin series;
• taking antihistamines;
• use of corticosteroids;
• taking diuretics to dehydrate the body.
the treatment of laryngeal edema, experts recommend not to strain your vocal cords and reduce fluid intake.
If conservative treatment does not give a positive change, the dosage of drugs is increasing.Quick effect provides intravenous prednisolone.
When medical treatment does not allow to cope with the problem, doctors resort to surgery, or rather, to the tracheotomy.During the operation of excision throat mouth formed into which a cannula (a tube), making it possible to breathe.