Most adults suffer from a cold once or twice a year.A cold usually lasts about a week and mostly in winter.Often occurs in a mild form, but you should always be careful, especially in the case of diseases of children and the elderly, because it can be dangerous, causing a secondary infection.Cold - a viral upper respiratory tract infection caused by one of more than 200 viruses transmitted by airborne droplets.Stay in the patient's environment may be the cause of the disease because the virus affects the mucous membranes of the nose and throat.
most common causes of infection: stay in the presence of a person coughs or sneezes;Use cutlery patient;kissing a sick person;inadequate protection from the cold;exit to the outside with a wet head;drafts.
Cold symptoms: sore throat, sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion, ear pain, headache, cough, fever, muscle aches.
Antibiotics are effective for bacterial infections, but are useless in the fight against the common cold virus.The only remedy for this ti
treat colds caused by a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract can be in the home.It is necessary to use drugs that attack specific symptoms.Dosage should always be in accordance with the instructions supplied.When muscle and headache can drink aspirin or paracetamol.Antihistamine drugs can be used in lacrimation and nasal discharge.Nasal congestion should be treated with drugs to reduce the swelling of the mucous membrane of your choice is a spray, nasal drops.When you cough, you can use a drop, lozenges and syrups, antitussive.Swelling upper respiratory tract can be reduced by using an ointment based on menthol and camphor.The ointment should be applied to the chest and lie down in a warm bed.Incidentally ointment can cause coughing, so it makes no sense to apply it before going to bed, it is best to do this sutra.
During cold it is important to pay attention to the food.The daily diet should add herbs, salad raw beets, horseradish juice drink, eat honey.It is recommended these days to eat less and only easily digested foods.Drink plenty of fluids water, tea and juice it will prevent dehydration accompanies the disease.Chicken broth contains substances that increase the secretion of mucus, which contributes to the removal of microbes from the body.
Vitamin C cleanses the body of harmful metabolic waste products produced during the inflammatory response caused by a virus.The use of vitamin C will reduce the duration of illness.It is necessary to systematically take 500 mg of vitamin C four times per day.Zinc tablets relieve dryness and irritation in the throat.Particles of zinc molecules surround viruses, preventing their proliferation throughout the body.An overdose of zinc can be toxic, so you should read the enclosed instructions or consult a doctor.
in the treatment of upper respiratory tract can help warm the wine.It should have a drink before going to bed, because it will remove nasal congestion.Garlic has natural antibacterial properties, so it kills pathogens.Because of this garlic prevents secondary infections, and speeds recovery.Eat 2-3 cloves garlic 2-3 times a day with food.Echinacea purpurea cleanses the blood and lymph glands, stimulates blood circulation.Tea made from licorice root relieve throat irritation and soothe the cough.This tea should be drunk every day.Facilitate sleep will help a bay leaf extract, extract of hops, tea from Melissa and linden blossom.Amplify the therapeutic effect of honey, it is possible to eat and drink separately and can be added to the drink.
warm shower or inhalation reduces runny nose and sore throat, as hydrates dried mucosa.Inhalation should be done by adding essential oils: cedar, tea tree, eucalyptus, peppermint, clove oil, and others.
Use other methods. Soak your feet in hot water for 20 minutes, then rinse them with cold water and put on warm socks.Wash the nose with water of about 40 degrees with the addition of salt, tablespoon of salt in a glass of water.Taking a warm bath, the water temperature should be 38 degrees.Add salt and soak for 10-15 minutes, rinse with cool water and immediately to bed.You can also rinse the throat brine.1 tspa glass of warm water.
Menthol reduces congestion of the nasal mucosa, which causes a feeling of cold in the nose.It relieves symptoms as sore throat and reduces cough.Recommended lozenges with menthol.
General tips. positive attitude and belief in recovery mobilizes the body's immune system.In the treatment of the common cold caused by a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract helps to rest.What it is, the faster the disease will pass, and you will avoid complications such as secondary infections.
Warm clothing prevents the loss of energy by the body, which is necessary to remove the virus.Mild exercise improves blood circulation and stimulate antibodies.Suffice it to the 15-minute exercise at home.Excessive activity weakens the immune system, and the disease may be delayed.Smoking aggravates sore throat and irritated mucous membranes.Isolation of patients to prevent the spread of infection to other people.
prevention of colds. Avoid contact with the patient.After contact with the patient, do not touch to the nose and eyes as the port is not will wash his hands.Ensure good ventilation and airing facilities.In periods of increased risk of infection strengthens the immune system.