According to statistics, the most common injuries of the face area in sports are injuries of the nose.This bleeding of different degrees, and open wounds and fractures nasal septa.Most often, these injuries receive athletes from contact sports such as boxing, hockey, football.
Nosebleeds or epistakis
Scientifically epistakis or nosebleeds usually seen in boxers, wrestlers, hockey players.There are several types of bleeding: the front and rear.
Front bleeding looks eerily, as the blood flows through the nostrils to the face, but it is less dangerous than rear bleeding, in which the blood flows of the nasopharynx to the stomach.
If the wound is close to the nostrils of the athlete, but his blood is bright red, if it is deeper in the nose, the blood is dark red.
Injuries nose, accompanied by bleeding, can also cause dizziness, heart palpitations, shortness of breath.To avoid such injuries occur, usually when a direct blow to the nose, while you exercise, you can use the protective gear for the
What assistance should be provided in the nosebleeds?Man injured, you need to plant, throw back his head back, mouth breathing will ask to avoid swallowing blood.Then the index finger and thumb have to pinch his nostrils for 5 minutes.Due compressed nostrils occurs clotting and sealing of blood vessels.On the nose and on his head, you can put a package wrapped in a towel or ice, which also helps to stop the bleeding.If the blood, despite all the steps taken, does not stop, you should seek medical attention as bleeding can be caused by a fracture of the nose.
Open nose injuries in sports
Open nose injury athletes usually get when striking on the back of the nose blunt objects, such as soccer balls and hockey sticks.Often these injuries are accompanied by fractures of the nose.
If a person in sports was open nose injury, you need to probe it and try to determine whether a broken nose.If the fracture is not, should wash the wound, and then to see a doctor who sutured.
for shallow wounds can provide first aid to yourself.To do this, check that there are no foreign objects in the wound, they must be removed before the wound starts to overgrow.The wound should be washed with a mild soap solution or saline solution, and then apply it bactericidal plaster.
When fractures of the nose frequently observed severe bleeding, and open sores.At the same time boxers similar injury in most cases accompanied by deep wounds.
About nasal fractures show the following signs:
• occurrence of edema and swelling of the nose and face;
• sensitivity when touching the nose;
• presence of bruises under his eyes and blue nose;
• curvature of the nose;
• appearance of a crunch when touching the nose;
• difficulty in nasal breathing and pain.
Typically, nose fractures are treated without any problems.Yet in some cases can develop complications:
• a significant distortion of the nose, change its shape and size;
• nasal congestion, difficulty breathing;
• the presence of numerous wounds of the nose;
• penetration of infection in the sinuses, and facial bones;
• infection of serious infections such as meningitis.
Treatment of fractures of the nose
Treatment of fractures of the nose, where there is no displacement of the bones, is the use of analgesics and nasal dekongenstantov.Sometimes, in order to straighten the nose, nasal resorted to installing the tire.
If broken nose accompanied by a shift, it must be put in place.The procedure fixes broken nose, experts advise to spend a few days after injury, when the swelling subsides.This usually occurs within 2-3 days, but sometimes required and 1-2 weeks.
After correcting the nose may need to perform imposition of tires or tamponade nasal congestion, in which the gauze is inserted into the nose or rubber pads.In some cases, patients received antibiotics.This helps prevent infection, especially in the nose tamponade.
nasal septum cartilage called plastic, covered with mucous membrane.This insert divides the nasal cavity in two parts.Deviated septum typically is the result of injury and improper fusion.
Among the symptoms of curvature of the nasal septum are:
• Shortness of breath;
• changing the shape of the nose;
• dryness of the mouth.
If the injury in human nasal septum is displaced, it must be installed in the correct position.To do this, doctors conduct tamponade nasal septal hematomas during surgical treatment, and prescribe antibiotics to prevent infection.