Meniere's disease - it's quite a complex disease of the inner ear, because of which in the future a person develops disorientation.
essence of the disease
complex disease Meniere's disease , a complex pathology.It includes the initial damage to the inner ear, and further develop disorientation.These processes are due to the fact that in the cavity of the inner ear fluid is collected, which exerts a strong pressure.No one can say exactly what the reasons cause Meniere's disease.Most scientists link the development of the disease with a birth defect of the cochlear and vestibular apparatus.
Other causes of Meniere's disease:
2. Severe head trauma and ear;
3. Diseases of the vessels;
4. The inflammatory process in the cavity of the inner ear.
Meniere's disease is characterized by a triad of symptoms.The patient is observed hearing loss, tinnitus and dizziness.In some cases, symptoms may be similar to the damage to the vestibular analyzer or labyrinth.To di
3. Tomography of the temporal bones.
In most cases, hearing loss is observed only in one ear.Typically, hearing acuity fluctuates over a long period of time.But soon the rumor begins to deteriorate, it may even come complete deafness.
Tinnitus, which is a common symptom of Meniere's disease, tends to grow significantly before the person there attack.After the attack passes, tinnitus becomes smaller.
This disease is accompanied by dizziness.Sometimes it is very strong and patient nausea, balance disorders, vomiting.But other than that may increase and a sharp drop in blood pressure, increased sweating, and pale skin.Vertigo sometimes reaches such intensity that the patient can not even walk or sit.Meniere's disease, in some cases, may occur very hard.
In order to diagnose this complex disease, doctor, for starters, you need to exclude a number of diseases that have similar symptoms: otosclerosis, otitis, evstahiit, 8 nerve tumor.
dizzy usually starts because of mental and physical fatigue, as well as because of the strong stress and a variety of stimuli: a bright flash of light, strong smells.Dizziness sometimes occurs for no apparent reason, and sometimes during sleep.Seizures may occur once a month, once a week or once a year.An attack can last from a few minutes to a couple of days.But most of its duration is between two and eight hours.
Meniere's disease - a disease that can not yet be cured.But there are some therapies that focused only on the fact that some relief from the condition of the patient, as well as reducing the number and intensity of attacks.
From medicines used vasodilators, antipsychotics, antihistamines.In some cases, prescribe sedatives to help calm the inner ear, diuretics and antiemetic drugs.
to slow down the disease, doctors recommend taking bracing means, and to do special exercises for vestibular apparatus.
Although Meniere's disease and complex disease, but no threat to human life she carries.But degrades its quality.But if properly used modern methods of treatment and taking medication, you can live a full life and be a normal person.